Blog - Deep Water Fishery

Blind Attack Coloured Fishing Lure Technique

The method in which people fish using fishing lures varies on a number of factors, however what many people do not understand is that the colour of the lure provides an excellent method to completely camouflage the lure so that all fish will attack your lure blindly, without making direct contact via sight.

The right coloured lures, although the colour may seem strange to us, actually helps greatly to increase your catches, provided it is matched correctly to the water. This article explains how to make the correct lure colour choice.

Remember to choose a lure colour the same as the water colour

Many fishers often neglect to notice the water colour or the surroundings before throwing in a lure, many times fishers will use a realistic looking fishing lure as they have some success in all conditions, however this is not the most productive way to fish. When was the last time you looked at the water colour before choosing a lure? Or when was the last time you looked at a lure in the fishing shop and decided that this colour would be perfect for your local lake or river, rather than by how it looks to you.

This is why I have created this article, 100 years ago most people would fish using strange coloured lures, that looked somewhat realistic but had strange patterns or colours which are not found in actual fish, or even in any fish in the water column you are targeting.

The method being taught today is to trick your fish, choose a lure where by the colour is impossible for fish to spot before attacking, hence it will rely on only vibration and sounds in the water to hit your artificial bait, eliminating totally the requirement that the fish must visually see and assess your lure before making that final winning strike for the fisher.

Below I will list the most common colour lures, remember that non-realistic lures are much cheaper than other lures, so by having the correct array of cheap coloured fishing lures, you can not only catch more fish but also save money.

Black Coloured Lures

Black lures are perfect for fishing at night when there isn't much light on the water, if there is a strong reflection of the moon onto the water and the water is fairly clear, this isn't the best time to use black lures.

Brown Coloured Lures

Muddy minimal to no visibility waters are perfect for brown fishing lures, they also work really well at night.

Green Coloured Lures

Green is perfect in conditions where the water appears a green colour, mostly this is often due to surrounding trees, grasses and foliage. If the water has a green reflection on it, then green lures are ideal to use.

Orange and Yellow Coloured Lures

Direct sun onto the water can cast a yellow to orange reflection, this is the best time to use orange or yellow fishing lures.

Blue Coloured Lures

Waters which have a blue colour from them are perfect for blue lures, deeper water normally produces a dark blue water which has high visibility, shallow waters or even regular waters with some reflection of the sky can cast a more lightly coloured blue reflection. Choose a lure of the same colour and shade as the water.

Gold / Silver Lures

Gold and silver are more likely to be assessed visually by the fish, while they work, they rely on the fish deciding that visually this is actually something it is familiar with and will want to eat.

White Lures

Bright days with lots of white clouds is perfect for white fishing lures, as is patchy cloud days with bright sun. Works best is slightly murky waters with some visibility.

Realistic Pattern Lures

Realistic lures will work in all condition but may not be best, as they provide a visual element for the fish to assess before striking, often better results can come from less fancy lures as the camouflage technique is often superior, if you want to fish in all conditions though and aren't too keen on catching as many fish as possible, then

22 Angling Idea For Beginners To Capture Prized Fish

1. Do Your Study

Prior to you begin this pastime, make certain that you have fundamental expertise of angling. They prepare to go to an angling location on weekend breaks and also objective to capture particular fish with specific attraction.

Generally, you could ask various other fish fanatics concerning their experience in angling. You could look for some angling manuals. It's not difficult to begin angling if you have a wonderful interest in this pastime.

2. Understand Standard Treatments

As soon as you understand some fundamental angling guidelines, start on a great day to exercise just what you had actually kept reading angling manuals such as how you can include angling lure to your hook, ways to cast your line as well as how you can knots prior to wandering with wind in the watercraft, and more.

3. Select Right As Well As Excellent Tools

When it involves angling suggestions and also techniques for newbies, you need to understand that newbies could take advantage of a particular reels as well as poles. In fact, they are easy for every person that simply starts to cast. It is not advised to open up the angling reels of what are simply starting.

4. Take Into Consideration Angling Baits That Match Different Fish

Understand the sort of fish you wish to capture as well as you will certainly understand the best ways to locate the ideal lures to bring in that fish. Bream fish is drawn in by pests like worms or crickets while catfish suches as lures made from raw hen liver.

5. Think About Area

Discover areas where fish usually lives about. Some fish simply live along rivers.

6. Examine The Climate

The weather condition could choose your fishing expedition. The cloudy skies is the most effective weather that could make your angling effective.

7. Gown For Success

Consider your gown when going angling, due to the fact that you have to be close to water surface area. Be certain that you put on layers considering that the weather condition could transform via your angling day.

8. Bring Food

You have to prepare lures to capture fish. If you do not have any type of food to eat at noontime, you will not have adequate power to proceed your fish capturing.

9. Insect Repellent

Remember to prepare an insect repellent to obtain eliminate pests as well as insects near brushes as well as water. If insects disrupt you, definitely you will certainly obtain impulse and also can not concentrate on your angling.

10. No Kid-- No Worries

If you have toddlers, do not bring them to your angling location. Due to the fact that they could make you shed your focus while angling.

11. Examine The Correct Time To Fish

Several freshwater fish consume at sunset as well as down, so sunset as well as daybreak are optimal angling hrs. Strategy to capture fish at the correct time as well as you will certainly fish treasured big wheel.

12. Fish In Locations With Tidy Water

It is suggested that individuals need to capture fish in locations where the water is tidy as well as fish is healthy and balanced sufficient to consume.

13. Obtain The Angling Certificate

There are some locations individuals are not enabled to fish openly as well as simply one that has angling permit could fish. Fish catchers have to exercise numerous angling policies connected to fish dimension, angling time, the age enabled to obtain an angling certificate.

14. Select Fishing Pole & Reel

There are 2 fundamental kinds of reels: lure cast reels as well as rotating reels. The lure cast reel up and down spool when you hold the pole while rotating reel vertical spindle to the pole. Rotating reels are usual for novices and also that are hassle-free in shut or open selections.

Buy angling saved as well as select ideal poles and also reels. There are various type of these products and also you ought to pick ones that match your budget plan. Usually, novices must select a post in medium-length dimension as well as a pole that is about, versatile as well as solid sufficient to capture big wheel.

15. Pick Angling Lines As Well As Obtain Proper Hooks

The smaller sized lines as well as hooks, the much better the possibilities of fish's attacks. When angling, your hook requires to fit the details fish you desire to capture. When it comes to angling suggestions and also techniques for novices, you need to pick hooks that fits lots of kinds of fish (dimensions from 8-- 5/0 are proper for numerous fish).

16. Select Lures

You ought to pick online lures to raise the possibilities of capturing large fish and also have genuine angling experience. If you live in a countryside where insects live along financial institutions of streams, you could capture insects, crumbs or minnows with webs.

Fish catchers have their very own favored lures, and also you, as a newbie could take into consideration making use of online lures such as worms, insects, salmon eggs, hen liver, shrimp, cheese or bacon to bring in fish and also capture them.

There are various lures you could prefer to capture fish, such as online lures or artificial lures (rainbowlike as well as intricate plastic appeals).

17. Cast The Line

Exactly how to cast the line? Lots of people cast side arm. Essentially, you could do it with the adhering to actions:

Depending upon the sorts of reels, you could launch the line. If you have a rewriter real, the launching the line is so very easy-- easy. Press the switch to launch your line when you indicate the appropriate instructions, press the close switch.

Bring the pole to your side in the instructions that you wish to cast. Launch the line when you have actually aimed in the ideal instructions.

18. Wait Silently

If there is no fish touch your lure for 10 to 15 mins, cast elsewhere and also make your angling traveling boring because means.

Numerous anglers begin reeling in gradually snagging the lure in order to offer fish perception that lure is active. According to knowledgeable fish catchers, you should not quickly begin reeling as quickly as you have actually cast.

19. Hook Fish

As an angling method, you must obtain a loosened line. A loosened line supplies a possibility for your fish to "toss the hook" right out of its mouth. By maintaining stress on the line you will certainly make sure that the hook stays in the mouth of the fish.

Never ever utilize your reel to draw in fish, (yet you could do for little fish). Utilize your arms to draw the fish towards you, following reel in a slackline.

When you really feel the line is taken or really feel a yank on your line, you could wish to begin establishing your hook. Just offer the fishing pole a company as well as fast jerk up as well as backwards. If the fish gets on the line, it promptly resists as well as the line will certainly adhere to activities of that fish.

Often, it could be hard to understand specifically whether you obtain a bite or it's simply a sensation you point a fish is encountering your lure. It's the technique that could assist you solve sensation and also experience regarding it.

20. Bring The Fish In With Your Web

When you obtain a fish reeled in, bring that fish in with your internet. Be careful of the sharp hook as well as sharp backs of fish as they could be sticking out with your fish's mouth.

21. Maintain Or Launch Fish

Numerous companies shield types of fish as well as they do not permit you to capture any kind of fish or bring them to the side of loss. When you capture a fish, procedure that fish by adhering to specific requirements.

22. Eliminate Your Hook

Despite launching or maintaining fish, back the hook out delicately to make sure that the fish is conserved from blood loss and also it will certainly raise its endure.

It's hope that these 22 fundamental angling pointers as well as methods for novices are valuable for you. You ought to exercise a lot more, have extra angling takes a trip to make sure that you could enhance your angling abilities to greater degrees.

Capture treasured big wheel and also have actually healthier meals made from your very own fish! For more information please make sure to check out Miami Fishing Charters.

How To Look For The Best 6wt Fly Rod

While 6-weight fly rods are the most versatile, multi-functional, and all-around fly rods, there is, it’s still hard to choose the best 6wt fly rodif you do not know what to look for. So, in this article, I reviewed five of my favorite high-rated products today.

But do not become overwhelmed or confused about choosing a rod just yet! To help you choose the best one for your needs, I also included the most important things you should consider.

So, what are you waiting for? Read on to find out more!



Out Rating

Fenwick HMG Fly Rods - Editor’s Pick

Maxcatch Extreme Graphite Fly Fishing Rod - Alternative Pick

Piscifun Sword Graphite Fly Rod - Budget Pick

Temple Fork Outfitters BVK Series Fly Rods - Upgrade Pick

Redington Crosswater 690-4 Fly Rod

Best 6wt Fly Rod For the Money Reviews:

1. Fenwick HMG Fly Rods - Editor’s Pick


First on the list and my best pick among all listed here is the Fenwick High Modulus Graphite (HMG) Fly Rods. These are easy to use medium fast action rods that many users recommend, including me.

The graphite material not only gives the rods a nice stylish appearance but also makes them very light and comfortable to use. This latest version also offers a forgiving action for higher accuracy and line speed.

These rods are very user-friendly. It has matte smoke stripper guides and double foot snake guides. The stripper guides also have wide diameters for smooth and efficient casting. The matte black blank has four sections and features a carbon binding.

Additionally, the reel seat is made of an aluminum anodized material with a matte smoke finish and a double up lock function. The handle is made of high quality, AAA’ grade cork.If you buy the 4-piece pack, you also get a Fenwick cloth-covered rod tube and bag. The gear is also covered by the company’s 5-year warranty.​


  • High quality, innovative HMG material
  • Stylish and elegant matte black finish
  • Light and easy to use
  • Exceptional balance
  • Durable
  • Fast action


  • More on the expensive side
  • Very few user reviews available online

2. Maxcatch Extreme Graphite Fly Fishing Rod - Alternative Pick


This Extreme Graphite Fly Rod from Maxcatch is not only relatively cheaper but is also the most popular product out of the five.

If you couldn’t afford the Fenwick HMG set, this is a great alternative. Many who bought this said they are thoroughly impressed and very satisfied with their purchase.

Well, this is not hard to believe given the many features this rod has to offer. First, it is made with pure IM6 24T carbon fiber material featuring an innovative A-Helical technology for sensitivity and strength. This medium fast action fly rod is also lightweight, slim, and adequately tapered for better line control and quick, accurate, and powerful casting.

The durable and light reel seat is made of solid airspace graded 6061T aluminum steel and had twin locking rings.

The handle is made of A-grade, high-quality cork. It even has corrosion-resistant hard chrome, stainless steel snake and tip-top guides for a smooth performance. The ceramic ring stripping guides also reduce friction and allow you to control the line better.


  • 1-year warranty
  • Lightweight and portable enough for travelers
  • Great value for the price
  • Suitable for both experts and beginners
  • Flexible and durable


  • Could be more sensitive
  • Casts are a bit short

This package includes four-rod pieces and comes with a plastic rod tube. Maxcatch also offers 1-year warranty on all of their gears.

3. Piscifun Sword Graphite Fly Rod - Budget Pick


If you’re looking for a fly rod that performs well but doesn’t break the bank, Piscifun came up with this affordable yet high-quality graphite fly rod set.

Great for general trout fly fishing in rivers, streams, and other moving freshwater bodies, this medium action rod features a universal size that both beginners and experts will benefit from!

This high-performing rod set is made with quality IM7 graphite for accuracy, durability, and performance. The machined aluminum reel seat is also equipped with double lock rings to ensure the secure attachment of the reel.

Additionally, it comes with chrome guides and ceramic stripping guides and inserts for the smooth release of fly lines. The materials used are lightweight and paired with a PVC rod tube for protection and portability.


  • Easy align design
  • Lightweight graphite material
  • Great value for the affordable price
  • Performs well and accurately
  • AAA grade cork handle for comfort and sensitivity


  • Included case is not very durable
  • Handle tends to move slightly during casts

The rod itself has guiding white dots for better and easier alignment. The competitive half wells cork handle makes it comfortable to use and prevents hand fatigue while also adding accuracy. The handle is also lightweight, warmer to the hand, and more sensitive than EVA.

4. Temple Fork Outfitters BVK Series Fly Rods - Upgrade Pick


On the other hand, if you don’t mind spending more for an ultimate rod, the TFO BVK Series Fly Fishing Rods is a good option for you.

Although the most highly priced in this list, it is probably the lightest rod with the best presentation you can get for aggressively strong and powerful performance.

The construction of this series revolves around using the best and lightest materials that can meet the highest performance standards. These fast action rods are said to perform excellently with distance.

The translucent olive-colored blanks are matched with braided carbon fiber reel seats. The Flor grade grips are also fashioned and contoured for comfort.

Another good feature of this product is the exclusive Tactical Series anodized steel stripping and snake guides that are impregnated with lightweight ultra hard-chromium for durability.


  • Highly responsive
  • Perfect balance
  • Steady whipVery sensitive
  • Great for powerful, long-distance casts


  • Few reports of the rod snapping on the first use
  • The fighting butt is too small
  • Case could be more solid

On top of all that, the series is advertised to perform great and last long both in freshwater and saltwater. It even comes with rod tubes although the quality should not be expected to be that good.

5. Redington Crosswater 690-4 Fly Rod - Best 6wt Fly Rod For Beginner Freshwater Fly Fishing


Last but not the least is the Crosswater 690-4 Fly Rod by Redington. At a competitive price, you can get this rod set with good quality and performance.

This medium action rod is specifically made for freshwater fly fishing in large rivers or smaller streams. The lightweight construction allows for versatility while the large arbor design lets you retrieve quickly and easily.

At first glance, I immediately noticed the stylish appearance and trimmed details of the rod. It also has helpful alignment dots for easier setup. You can even easily switch from a left hand to a right hand retrieve and back.

It also has an anodized aluminum reel seat that makes it durable and suitable for most fly fishing applications. The strong disc drag system also gives you greater control and power over larger fish.


  • Highly responsive
  • Perfect balance
  • Steady whipVery sensitive
  • Great for powerful, long-distance casts


  • Few reports of the rod snapping on the first use
  • The fighting butt is too small
  • Case could be more solid

The rod comes complete with a Crosswater reel pre-spooled with quality RIO MainStream fly line and a RIO tapered leader. Included in the package is a rod sock made of black cotton while outfits come with a navy blue reel and rod case. Everything is backed by a 1-year company warranty.

What’s A 6wt Fly Rod?

We’ve been talking about fly rod weights since the beginning, but what does it really mean? Unlike what you might assume at first, this “6 weight” level does not refer to the weight of the rod itself.

Instead, this corresponds to the rod’s weight class or the specific weight rating of the fly line it was made to balance with.

Fly lines are classified by a weight system depending upon how much the working portion of the first 30 feet of the line weighs in units called grains. A grain is a unit of measure used for the portion of the line without the tips or tapers of a fly line.

Usually, however, what’s important is knowing these measures relative to another line or rod instead of knowing what they actually mean. So, a 6 weight rod means it is made to match a 6 weight fly line. This weight rating is the most important factor when choosing a rod for fly fishing.

Typically, rods with the same rating from different manufacturers perform differently from each other. Also, a fly rod with a faster action tends to fish more heavily than a rod of the same weight but with a slower action.

Although fly rod weight comes in a range of 1 to 12 scale, freshwater weight ratings only range from 2 to 10. To give you a better idea about each weight rating, a rod of 3wt can handle panfish and small trout while a 9wt rod is used for ocean and large saltwater fish or large bass.

For this reason, 5wt to 6wt rods which are more or less in the middle of the spectrum are the most popular. These can be used for both small fish and heavy, large game fish.

In this article specifically, 6wt rods are used because of the following reasons:

  • It provides adequate power for heavier flies.
  • It can be used for deep waters both in freshwater and saltwater.
  • It can cast longer than a 5wt rod.
  • It can handle most fly lines with a 6-weight rating or less, which is the most common kind you can find. 6wt rods can either be medium-action to fast action.

What to Look For The Top 6wt Fly Rod?

Aside from the rod weight, some of the other criteria I used in choosing the 6 weight fly rod. They are rod action, length, and material.

1. Action

​Action, when it comes to fly rods, refer to the flexibility or stiffness. One key consideration in choosing the right rod action is your skill level. To help you, here are the three categories of action and their characteristics:

Slow action rods are the most beginner-friendly and flexible. They are great for those who are just beginning to learn since their flexibility allows for better fly presentation. However, they are more difficult to control on the backcast, and their usability is limited.

Medium action rods fall between stiff and flexible. They offer longer, harder casts than slow action rods but allows better cast control than fast action rods.

Fast action rods allow for very little bending and are the stiffest of all types. This gives them the ability to perform better in providing more powerful casts over longer distances. However, using fast action rods require experience and skill so are often used by advanced anglers. The downside of fast action rods is that the casts can be too hard and might scare potential fish away.

2. Fly Rod Length

Generally, rods range from 7 feet to 10 feet long, but 9 feet rods are the most common. Longer rods give more power while casting and are ideal for high stick nymphing or for covering long distances.

However, longer rods can also get caught more easily in the brush, or branches and creeks. So, if you prefer hiking or trekking to remote tributaries but don’t need very long casts, choose a lightweight rod that’s 7 to 8 feet long.

For larger bodies of water with less brush and vegetation, 9- or 10-foot rods are your best bet.

Based on this, rods 8 to 9 feet long are the most versatile.

3. Fly Rod Material

Different materials are used for fly rods, but the most predominantly used are fiberglass, bamboo, and graphite.


Fiberglass rods are durable, cheap, and beginner-friendly. However, graphite rods are gaining more popularity nowadays.


If fiberglass rods are ideal for beginners, bamboo rods are for those with experience. They are naturally slow-action rods that are heavy and require great care and maintenance.

They are generally considered the best looking regarding aesthetics due to their natural and rustic feel.


The latest and most popular rods available today are made of graphite, such as those listed here. Graphite rods can be quite heavy or also very light. They are lighter than fiberglass rods and provide more accurate and longer casts.

Graphite rods are considered the most sensitive among the three, which is why they are preferred for easier spotting, hooking, and keeping a catch.


In choosing the best 6wt fly rod, it is important to consider factors like action, fly rod length, and material. Other features are just secondary to all of these and depend on your personal needs and preferences.

I personally chose the Fenwick HMG Fly Rods which are medium fast action rods that are user-friendly, accurate, and durable. The bundle is also relatively cheap, stylish-looking, comfortable to use, and is covered by 5-year warranty.

How To Fish With A Spinner – 5 Simple Techniques

Spinners are small, metal fishing lures with blades that spin around a body to attract fish. The spinning motion reflects light and sends out subtle vibrations in the water as would a small fish. This fools your target fish to bite your bait or hook.

For the supplies you’ll need and instructions on how to fish with a spinner, please continue reading below!​

While spinners can be very helpful, they don’t have too much of a benefit when used incorrectly. Several tools or techniques should be applied.


For a quicker, easier fishing trip and the proper execution of spinner fishing techniques, you’ll need the following:

Fishing Vest

Rod and Reel

Fishing Line



Simple tools


​Techniques on How to Fish With a Spinner

The following are a bunch of useful spinner fishing techniques and how they can be performed:​

1. Bottom Bouncing​

Bottom Bouncing is used for casting from upstream of a river, usually from an inflatable dingy or a boat during trolling or in current fishing in wide freshwater bodies. It is effective for catching brook trout, cutthroat trout, bull trout, and rainbow trout.​ Remember to use fishing spinners for trout.


● Cast the spinner behind the boat or upstream until it touches the bottom.

● Allow the spinner to bounce on the bottom while moving downstream. The motion will bring up the mud, and the commotion should attract your target.

● Quickly retrieve your line with the current so that the lure works fully.

● Repeat casting and bottom bouncing several times.​

2. Live Lining​

This technique uses traditional live baits and gears. It is often used in naturally flowing freshwater bodies like rivers of streams from an anchored boat. Live lining allows the bait to go under and through cover, rocks, holes, and other places where gamefish could be hiding.


● Cast your line and allow the bait to reach the bottom.

● Retrieve so that the baitfish rises but not too far from the bottom. The current and the movement of the baitfish should help you here.

● Keep your bait close to the bottom.

3. Chumming​

This method is often used by seasoned anglers where chum is thrown overboard. Chum is the term used for chopped or ground vegetables, meat, or fish used to attract fish, especially sharks. Chumming is used to have the fish return at least temporarily to spots where they have not been for some time.​


●Prepare some chum from a tackle shop. Some offer special mixes intended for specific fish species. If you don’t want to spend too much, you can use some bread, bread crumbs, canned corn, or pet food. 

●Throw some chum overboard into the water. Approximate the amount of chum you should use to attract the fish nearer but not get them full.

● Wait for a while before casting in the chummed spot.

● Make a habit of regularly throwing chum on the same spot to make it a good fishing spot.

4. Walking the Dog

Walking the Dog is successful because it does not allow the lure ever to stop moving in the same small area, making it hard to be identified by target fish. It gives the illusion of slow progress and coverage while constantly moving back and forth as well.​


● Cast and allow your line and lure to settle a little.

● Hold your rod at a medium height of 1 to 1.5 feet above the water’s surface, slightly angling it down with the tip close to the water.

● Move your rod from left to right using your wrist, making a wider movement than you want your lure to move.

● Maintain a slight slack on the line before and right after each jerking motion by slowly and steadily reeling out. This resists drag, allows the lure to keep moving, and allows it to move naturally.

● Keep your eyes on the lure and slowly allow it to move down until the rod tip almost touches the water. Then, without pausing, snap the rod back to the original position while preserving some slack on your line.

● Deliver a non-stop alternating series of strokes and jerks so that the lure zigzags about six inches from side to side. Remember that the rod tip should move wider to overcome the slack on the line.

● Try to maintain a steady rhythm until you retrieve.

5. Jigging

Jigging is a popular method performed to catch different fish species by modifying or changing the rigs’ shape, play, color, and movement. This is often used for catching saltwater fish from deep waters.


● Cast and wait until your jig or lure touches the bottom.

● Use the rod tip to make the lure hop and then lower it back down.

● Avoid bringing the rod too high because this will prevent you from hooking properly when a fish bites.

● Continue reeling down to lower the bait and reeling up to pull it from the bottom until you feel a bite.

To give you a better idea of how spinner fishing works, here’s a very helpful and informative​ video.


There you have it! Those are the materials you need and the techniques on how to fish with a spinner. These can be used for catching a wide variety of fish species like trout, bass, salmon, walleye, bream, perch, pike, and blue kurper.​

You might also like: What Is The Best Way To Kill A Fish?

What Is The Best Way To Kill A Fish?

After catching fish, the next thing to do is to kill it. So what’s the fastest, easiest, most humane, best way to kill a fish? While some people would prefer to let the fish thrasharound to slowly die before icing or cleaning them, this method is actually cruel, inhumane, unethical, and generally inadvisable.

For one recent studies show that fish are actually feeling creatures. So when you do this, they feel unnecessary pain and distress. Also, this reduces its value, freshness, quality and also decreases the storage life of the flesh.

The Unacceptable Methods​

Before we get right into the best method, first, here are the methods deemed unacceptable by the Humane Slaughter Association and Fish Count (a UK organization):​

1. Live chilling in the freezer or ice water - it slowly suffocates the fish.

2. Cutting and bleeding out the gills before stunning - this is extremely painful for the fish.

3. Exposure to air or removal from water- this also violently and painfully suffocates the fish​.

What’s The Best Way to Kill a Fish?​

​Now that we’ve ruled those out, here are the different easy, quick, and humane ways to kill a fish.

Three methods are preferred by most anglers, fishermen, cooks, and food handlers.

  • Percussive stunning followed by bleeding
  • Severing the spinal cord
  • The iki jime method

1. Percussive Stunning​

The Blow

​Percussive stunning, simply put, is a blow to the fish’s head using a blunt object. It is arguably the quickest and easiest method of killing a fish.

How to Stun a Fish?

To do this, just deliver a fast, firm, hard blow or knock on the head of the fish at the top of its skull behind its eyes. You can use a heavy wooden or metal club called a “priest” or a small club made specifically for this purpose.

This delivers a huge, sudden impact on the brain to instantly kill the fish or cause it to become unconscious, thus the term “stunning”.

The blow should have enough mechanical force to reach and be absorbed by the brain and disrupt its neurological activity. However, it should not be too powerful as to crush the skull.

Most smaller fish can be stunned by holding the fish in one hand and using your dominant hand to strike it. If you’re handling larger fish, you can lay them on its belly on a flat, steady surface.

​Confirming Death or Unconsciousness

​After the blow, there are a few tests you can do to determine if your fish actually died or was rendered subconscious. Here’s how:

  • Rotate the fish in your hands while observing the eyes to test the eye roll reflex. If the eye does not move, the fish is either dead or unconscious.
  • Look at the operculum or the structure covering the gills. If these do not rhythmically open and close, the fish is dead.
  • Place the fish in a bucket of water. If it sinks and no movement is seen as an attempt to swim, the stunning is successful.


​Once the fish is confirmed to be unconscious or dead, you should now let it bleed. Bleeding is done to maintain the freshness and high quality of the flesh.

To do this, turn the fish so that its belly is facing up. Look for the thin flap of skin tissue between the base of its throat and the gills. Hold the fish by the head using one hand, pointing the throat away from you and with your finger hooked around the flap.

Next, pull the flap to cut or disrupt it. Two large blood vessels located in the throat should open and gush out blood. Let the fish bleed out for a while before removing its guts, cleaning it, and icing it.

Percussive stunning is commonly used when dealing with strong, large, and potentially dangerous fish like halibut, mackerel, tuna, sharks, and such. Usually, several blows may be required. It can also be used for salmon and trout.

However, it may not be effective for fish species with hard skulls or those that are significantly different regarding anatomy. For these fish, you may need to adjust the position so that you can strike nearest to the brain or use a different method.

To know more about this method, please check out this video:​

​2. Severing the spinal cord

Cutting or destroying the spinal cord of the fish also renders it dead immediately and so it can also be the best way to kill a fish.

To do this, you should first identify the part of the fish called the throat latch. It is located between and under its gills.

Then, holding it with both hands, bend the fish’s head back sharply using a swift movement. This breaks the spine and severs the spinal cord.Not only does this method kill the fish instantly but also lets it bleed out thoroughly without doing another extra step.

While this method can be very effective especially when handling smaller species, it requires some skill and guts to do it. Sometimes, it can also be messy and nerve-wracking to perform.​

3. Iki jime​

Iki jime is a Japanese technique also known as spiking or pithing. It involves piercing and destroying the fish’s brain using a sharp metal object such as a screwdriver or knife. There are also specialized iki jime tools that you can buy from some tackle shops.

Iki jime is a precise process and requires some skill. But, if mastered, it can be the a good method to kill a fish because it causes the least amount of stress to the fish and improves its value as food.

The first thing you need to do is to find a soft area of the skull close to the brain (Refer to the figure below for salmon and trout). Remember that this may vary among different species.

Then, using your chosen spiking tool, quickly and firmly pierce the area. Next, wiggle the tool around. When done properly, this should destroy the brain, and the body of the fish should limp instantly. This indicates that it is dead or unconscious.​

After pithing, you can now clean and ice your fish. Afterwards, it is ready to be skinned, filleted, or cut.


Depending on the fish species, your skills, and personal preference, these three different methods may be considered as the best way to kill a fish. However, in real life, a combination of two or all of these is used for optimum results.

Percussive stunning is quick and efficient but requires extreme strength. Severing the spinal cord and iki jime, on the other hand, requires special skills and guts to perform such as find fish brain location for instance. Future, they may have to be performed differently or may not work at all for every fish species.​

You might also like :How Big Do Minnows Get? Facts You Didn’t Know

How Big Do Minnows Get? Facts You Didn’t Know

How big do minnows get? Do they grow bigger as time goes by? Are there any contributing factors to how big these fish can get? If there are, what are some of these factors? And how do they contribute to the growth of minnows?

Do any of these questions sound familiar? If they do…you are NOT alone. And this is because minnows are only known to be a super tiny fish family often used as bait for catching bigger fish.

When you read some articles that talk about minnows, you’ll find that there is very little information about this particular subject. There aren’t many resources explaining exactly how big minnows can get. So with this in mind, let’s take a quick look at some basics about minnows, what it is about their size and how “big” you can expect them to grow.

General Concern

The word “minnows” is frequently misunderstood. Some people think that all small fish are minnows, but in actual sense, it is a scientific reference. Minnows are way above 2100 species all over the world, and it is expected that most of them, if not all to grow to about 3- 4 inches long, although there are exceptions, given a large number of species available.

With a large number of species belonging to the same group, it is inevitable for interbreeding among them to take place. It thus means that you cannot accurately determine the length or size of a particular minnow without considering such vital elements.

Therefore, determining a particular size or length for minnows cannot be pegged on specific factors given that the breeds vary significantly and also the natural elements also affect the concrete answer to the question.

Characteristics Of Minnows

But one of the compelling aspects that you also need to understand is the fact that there are different types of minnows. Some of these minnows share a considerable number of features given that they belong to the same family but also have other different characteristics. It thus implies that the size when they are fully grown also vary, albeit insignificant to tell.

The most common one is the fathead minnow, which is arguably used in a wide range of applications including, laboratory tests, fish feeders, water toxicity tests and fish baits among others. It is also the type of breed that many anglers across the world prefer using in their day to day fishing activities.

Nonetheless, it is vital to make sure that you carefully identify this species when perhaps purchasing them for breeding purpose. It is because most of them look like small cyprinid and thus can be relatively difficult to identify accurately.

If you’re keen enough, you should realize that minnows have an incomplete lateral line. Another outstanding feature is the terminal mouth. Although, some minnows will have underslung mouth even when fully grown.

Minnows do not have teeth in the mouth but have what is referred to as pharyngeal teeth, which enables them to grind the food at the throat.

Minnows also have a dark spot on the front area around the dorsal fin as well as a stubby first ray on the dorsal fin. Again, these two features are shared by some of the members of the same Pimephales genus.

How Big Do They Get?

If you’re a budding lake or fish pond manager or angler, then this is an essential concept that you need to understand. One thing that you have to note is that the minnows, especially fathead, feed on almost everything that is available for them.

They’re heavy eaters; it does not matter what type of food whether it’s wild algae, insects or plankton. When confined, they can also eat anything including shrimp, flakes, tubifex, and bloodworms among others. In general, some of them are omnivores whereas others are carnivores, so it also depends on the particular species.

Determining how big the minnows can get varies from one species to another given that we have over 2100 species. For instance, how frequently they eat determines how fast they grow.

Some of them such as the fathead, which is commonly used, however, grow to about three inches long or slightly above three inches. There are some such as the creek chubs that grow up to 10-12 inches. Gold shiners grow up to between 6-7 inches whereas shiners grow up to about 5-6 inches long.

The actual optimum size of these organisms entirely depends on the particular type of species and other environmental factors surrounding their breeding. But you also need to know that you can’t expect them to grow to 5 pounds of fish however much and long you breed them.

Minnows are just minnows, and that is the reason they are used mainly as baits. The lifespan of minnows mostly ranges between 12 to 24 months. During this time, they reproduce a minimum of between three to six times before the end of their life cycle but depending on how frequently and sufficiently they feed as well as how conducive the environment is.

Some minnows turn into a predator where they end up eating their young ones, which may prevent them from growing big as expected. This is however exceptional on fathead minnows which only grow to their optimum level without predating on themselves for whatever reasons.

As much as minnows tend to be relatively small in size, it is also ideal to understand the nature of how they reproduce. Often, they spawning during spring or early summer. However, this also varies depending on the specific species. But the variation in temperatures also plays a pivotal role in determining how large they get and how fast the growth takes place.


Some species have an elaborate method of spawning. For instance, in some species, it is the male who constructs sort of a make-up nest, where the female deposits the eggs and the male ultimately fertilizes them, guard the eggs for a particular period until they hatch.

The most important thing when looking at how big minnows can get is by simply understanding that they are different from small fish. Their growth activities are different and thus the reason that leads to a difference in the sizes after they are fully matured.


You might also like : How To Cast, Maintain, And Choose The Best Underspin Reel

How To Cast, Maintain, And Choose The Best Underspin Reel

In this article, you will be guided about some of the best underspin reel reviews as well as maintenance and casting techniques.



Out Rating

Daiwa Underspin-XD Series, Trigger-Control Closed-Face Reel

Daiwa Underspin-XD Series, Trigger-Control Closed-Face Reel

Zebco 33 Gold Micro Triggerspin

Zebco Micro Trigger-spin 11MTS Fishing Reel

Zebco Micro Trigger-spin 11MTS Fishing Reel

 Shakespeare Synergy Steel Reel

Shakespeare Synergy Steel Reel

​Underspin reels are a type of lightweight reels. This reel type is a product of years of research and the latest technologies. They are generally easier to use, and while most anglers consider them as something only kids and beginners should use, they can actually add challenge to the fishing game of those with years of experience.

Underspin fishing reels or triggerspin reels are kind of like a combination of spinning and spincast reels. Like spin cast reels, they have an enclosed face. They also hang underneath standard spinning rods like spinning reels do. However, they have an added feature: they have a trigger that’s useful when casting.

​Best Underspin Reel Reviews

1. Daiwa Underspin-XD Series Reel - Editor’s Pick​

Daiwa Underspin-XD Series, Trigger-Control Closed-Face Reel -2


The Daiwa Underspin XD Series is my best pick because I like how it’s ultra-lightweight and very well built. You also get a good deal for a nice reel for a reasonable price.

Unlike most other similar reels, Daiwa XD uses a trigger release activated by your finger through the forward-facing lever. It also has a bottom-mounted configuration that prevents line twisting or backlash. This reel is constructed with rugged metal gears and a Hardboyz Rigid aluminum alloy which makes it solid and durable without bearing too much weight.

It also allows me to get an excellent hook set, smooth retrieves, and longer casts thanks to the oversized line aperture, ball bearing drive, and rotating titanium nitrided line pickup. Aside from the trigger release, it also has a rear dial operated drag that makes it manageable with only one hand and prevents accidental or unwanted adjustments. It is also suitable for use with a wide variety of rods including noodle models and flies.


  • Great reel for its price
  • Ideal for catching large fish of up to 7 pounds
  • Easily adjustable
  • Large spool diameter and center hole for precise and long-range casting
  • Great for everyday use
  • Works well and easy to use for teaching and learning beginner techniques
  • Minimizes line tangles, twisting, and backlash
  • Offers a smooth drag


  • Reports of multiple and repeated drag system malfunctions
  • Drag knob is loosely attached
  • The tangle-prevention or anti-reverse mechanisms does not work very well or tend to stop working after some time
  • The line that comes with the spool is of low quality and low sensitivity
  • Made in China

2. Zebco 33 Gold Micro Triggerspin- Alternative Pick

Zebco 33 Gold Micro Triggerspin - 2


This Spincast convertible triggerspin reel from Zebco is made with a highly durable graphite frame, and industrial-grade brushed stainless steel covers. The reasons why I did not choose this as the best underspin reel on the market among those listed here is because it is slightly more expensive than the Daiwa XD.

There are also very few reviews about it, a nice chunk of which report about it negatively. Therefore, I assumed that it does not work as well for everybody and may somehow require some getting used to.

Anyway, what I like about it is its continuous Anti-reverse technology that prevents the handle from moving while I pay out the line to reel in heavy or struggling fish. It also comes pre-spooled with a 4-pound Cajun line that is 90 yards long. It has a 3-bearing drive, and a convertible retriever as well. It has a gear ratio of 4:3:1.

If you purchase it from certified resellers, you can also get a 1-year limited manufacturer warranty.​


  • Changeable ambidextrous retrieve
  • Lightweight yet heavy duty graphite frame
  • Continuous Anti-reverse
  • Dial adjustable, smooth drag
  • Dual ceramic pick-up pins
  • Great for jigging, stream fishing for trout, or crappie fishing with a fly rod
  • Easy to cast
  • Quality-made


  • One user notes he had to tighten the reel handle screws pretty often
  • Many customers report defects and non-functionality
  • The line that comes with it breaks easily for a 4-pound test
  • Grinds as if the gears and bearings are shot even with minimal use

​3. Zebco Micro Triggerspin 11MTS Fishing Reel- Budget Pick

Zebco Micro Trigger-spin 11MTS Fishing Reel - 2


If you are looking for a best triggerspin reel and you have a limited budget, this Zebco Micro Triggerspin Reel is one of your best bets. For only a few bucks, you get a triggerspin casting trigger with a line release system and a selective anti-reverse mechanism-equipped fishing reel with multiple stops.

I also applaud the adjustable drag that lets me adjust the drag according to the type, size, and strength of the fish using a simple dial.

I also like its graphite frame and corrosion-resistant stainless steel covers. Whether you’re right-handed or left-handed, you can use this reel easily thanks to the changeable ambidextrous retrieve setting.

It also features all-metal extra-hard magnum gears, dual pick-up pins, and ball-bearing drive with a gear ratio of 4:3:1. The pick-up pins are also ceramic and cut-proof. It even comes pre-spooled with a 4-pound, 90-yard-long monofilament line with authentic Zebco quality.​


  • Bite Alert technology
  • Quick Set anti-reverse mechanism
  • Pre-spooled trigger cast reel
  • Durable graphite frame
  • Easily adjustable drag
  • Great for freshwater fishing interchangeable ambidextrous retrieve system
  • Smooth action and casting
  • Ultra-lightweight
  • Small size


  • Drag calibration is a bit tricky to adjust
  • Snags toward the end of line retrieval due to an unknown cause
  • Makes a noisy, growling sound during retrieval
  • Sloppy crank handle
  • Has a plastic trigger
  • Not ideal for beginners

4. Shakespeare Synergy Steel Underspin Reel - Upgrade Pick

Shakespeare Synergy Steel Reel - 2


Shakespeare has built a long reputation for producing quality and affordable fishing tackle and gear. However, the Synergy Underspin reel from the company qualifies as the upgrade pick since it is the most expensive among all reels in this list, although not by much,

This reel can be used by anyone in the family, beginner or expert alike. It features a polished stainless steel front cone and rear cover, a steel handle, and a titanium line guide as well.

It also has insta-grab dual titanium pickup pins and is driven by a 4:1:1- ratio gear. Another thing I like about this reel is its adjustable, multi-disc drag system which allows me to control the drag depending on my target fish.

This reel helps reduce damage to the line thanks to its durable elastomeric pinch ring. It also comes pre-spooled with a 70-yard 4-pound line. The Synergy Titanium Microspin Reel also features a chrome-plated steel handle with easy-grip textured rubber knobs. The hand-convertible retrieve also makes it easy to use for both right-handed and left-handed users.​


  • Durable and lightweight frame
  • Suitable for everyday use by anglers of all skill levels
  • Uses metal gears with a 4:1:1 ratio for durability
  • Secure lock screw in the rear cover and handle provides better support
  • Holds up very well for medium-sized fish
  • Very easy to use
  • Good adjustable drag system
  • Easy to grasp
  • Great as a backpack reel


  • Might be too small for some fishermen or anglers
  • One user reports that his reel won’t reel the line back in after casting
  • Some plastic pieces tend to be weak and often defective
  • The drag system is very limited when it comes to tightness
  • The fixes for common problems on the reel require complicated steps

What Are Underspin Or Triggerspin reels?

As mentioned earlier, an underspin or triggerspin reel is essentially just a combination of a spinning reel and a spin cast reel. It can also be viewed as a spin cast reel mounted under a standard spinning rod. It has a lever also known as the “trigger” which is held by a finger, usually the forefinger.

When casting forward casts, the trigger is released, and the line unwinds and releases from the fixed spool. Similar to spin cast reels, underspin reels have pick-up pins instead of the usual wire bails to hold the line. The closed face of an underspin reel is often a rounded hood where a hole for the line to pass through is located. The latest models typically feature larger hole sizes to allow for longer and smoother casting.

The enclosure can be made with various materials like hard plastic, aluminum alloys, or other metals. This enclosure is where you can find the spool system along with other components and mechanisms that prevent backlash, tangles, or twisting of the line.

What are the advantages of a triggerspin reel or underspin reel? There are many advantages of underspin reels that not everyone knows about. For some of the most notable benefits of underspin reels, check out this list below:

Most triggerspin or underspin reels can be purchased already pre-spooled with fishing lines

Triggerspin reels are among the ideal reels to be used for most kinds of freshwater fishing

The latest and most innovative and sophisticated underspin models are also rich in upgraded features

Underspin reels are very suitable

All triggerspin or underspin reels are equipped with adjustable drag systems

Similar to many other reel types

How To Cast An Underspin Reel

There are many ways to cast a reel. However, specific types may require certain skills or techniques to cast properly. For instructions on how you should cast an underspin reel, refer to the tutorial below:

1. When casting a triggerspin reel, the first thing you should do is squeeze the trigger. So hold it with your forefinger or index finger. This holds and secures your fishing line.

2. Next, position the rod tip at an angle behind you somewhere within or between the two o’clock and three o’clock positions if you plan to make an over-the-shoulder cast. For a sidearm cast, you can also bring your rod to one side, all the while still holding the trigger.

3. Determine your target and keep your eye on it. Focus on aiming at that target.

4. Begin making a forward cast by swinging the rod tip back a little and then shooting it forward with a single smooth and continuous motion.

5. Make sure to release the trigger held by your finger on the right moment, usually around the 10 o’clock position or when the fishing rod’s tip aligns evenly with your body, for a smoother, farther cast.6. To retrieve, turn the handle to re-engage the lock.​

For an illustration on how to properly do that, please check out this video:

General Care And Maintenance Tips For Closed-Faced Reels

Regardless of whether your reel is expensive or not, you should still observe proper care and maintenance to make sure it will last longer and will work optimally every time you use it.​

Because closed-faced reels like underspin reels come with enclosures, regular maintenance is a bit more challenging due to the extra steps and measures you should remember. Here are the tips on how you can keep your reel working great for a long, long time:

  • Make sure to keep your reel free from dirt, sand, and other debris. In cases where this cannot be prevented, remove the debris as soon as you can.
  • Store your reels in a dust-free shelf, shed, or storage area.
  • Clean and dry your reel completely before storing to avoid rust and other problems.
  • Use a protective container, bag, or cover for your fishing equipment.
  • Apply lubrication on parts of your reel that needs it, but only sparingly. Do not use WD-40 but choose recommended reel lubricants only. WD-40 tends to build up over time, which can run your equipment on top of ruining your otherwise smooth retrieves and casts.


So those are the best underspin reel reviews! Remember to follow the care and maintenance tips and casting instructions especially if you are a beginner. Knowing the basics is always important for any activity or sport.

Did you learn anything new and did this article help you choose the ideal equipment for you? If so, please feel free to share it with your friends and family! You are also welcome to leave your comments, questions, or suggestions in the comment section below so please do so. I’d love to hear from you!​

You might also like : What Does Shad Eat? (What You Need To Know To Find The Perfect Bait)

What Does Shad Eat? (What You Need To Know To Find The Perfect Bait)

If you’re into fishing, you should know that different types of fish prefer different food choices. This is important knowledge when it comes to choosing baits or taking care of fish as well. In this article, you will be guided by the diet choices of shads, to answer "what does shad eat?".

What Is A Shad?

Shads, or scientifically called Alosinae, is a subfamily of fishes under the herring family. They are pelagicschooling fish, which means they spend most of their lifetime, swimming in open water in large groups.

Many species of shad are anadromous, meaning, they migrate into freshwater to spawn and reproduce. Some are even landlocked or have adapted into staying permanently in freshwater and never migrate back to the sea.

Many species of shads are of commercial importance both as sports fish and baitfish. Male shads, also known as freshwater tarpons, are particularly great game fish known to show jumps. There are different types of shad, including the following:​

  • American Shad
  • Gizzard Shad
  • Hickory Shad
  • Blueback Herring
  • Alewife
  • Threadfin Shad
  • Menhaden, Bunker, or Mossbunker

Shads are included in the mainstay diets of sportfish like catfish. They are also among the most popularand widely distributed baitfish used in Florida and California.

What Does Shad Eat?​

Like most other fish, their feeding behaviors and instincts vary depending on factors such as water temperature and turbidity. They often resume eating normally after winter or in spring as the water temperature goes up.

Most larval shads survive by consuming yolk material during the first few days of their lives and begin to feed about 4 to 5 days after hatching. Their diet for the first weeks is mainly entomostracans (smallcrustaceans), protozoans (single-celled organisms), and rotifers (microscopic animals).​

After they leave their birthplace or hatching place, shads become juveniles and start to eat more. Asjuveniles, shads are omnivorous heterotrophs. This means that they consume both animals and plantsand other things found floating in the water like insect larvae, phytoplankton (microscopic plants), andzooplankton (microscopic animals). In lakes, juvenile shads that are one to two inches long eatzooplankton almost exclusively.​

As shads get older and bigger, their food choices also grow. They start to eat plankton, small fish, worms, crustaceans, and sometimes even fish eggs. Adult shads are largely considered as carnivores or meat-eaters. They are mainly piscivores, meaning a huge chunk of their diet is composed of other smaller fish species.

They also eat detritus, algae, insect larvae, exuviae or the sloughed off skin orexoskeleton of insects and their larvae, and non-insect arthropods like small crabs, spiders, mites, centipedes, millipedes, and others.​

Gizzard shad have also been reported to eat fingernail clams in parts of the Mississippi River anddiatoms (a type of microalgae that classify under phytoplankton), Spirogyra (a type of green algae), oligochaetes (which include earthworms), and tendipedids (insects that include flies) in a stream inKentucky.​

​What Are The Best Baits Or Lures To Catch Shad?

Grubs, small minnows, worms, and other live baits can be used to catch shad. However, fishermen find that cheaper artificial lures are more effective. These are used to trigger a reaction strike and can be as simple as two beads threaded through the line and a blank hook.​

The most common artificial lure used as shad bait is a shad dart. Shad darts are small jigs with lightweight lead heads and a tinsel, marabou, or feather tail. Other jigs used to catch bluegill and crappieare also effective for shad fishing. Other options are weighted flies, fly fishing tackles, small flutterspoons, and spinners.

Fishing Techniques For Catching Shad​

When they migrate, shads swim at the lower parts of the water column which is why they are often found in channels or the deepest parts of lakes and rivers. Because of this, anglers and spin fishermen use weighted lined or flies to place the bait or artificial lure at the right location and depth.

There is also a thing fishermen call a shad rig, which is Y-shaped and consists of two lures about a feet or two apart with a weight on a line in front or in between them. The lures can either be a shad dart and a spoon spinner or two shad darts. A live grub can also be threaded on the dart.

You can also easily catch shad through drift casting or slow trolling. For example, you can cast upriver and then allow your lure to drift along with the current.​

Shad are easily found during spring when they tend to school together with several other species. However, be mindful about fishing seasons in your location and make sure to release shad species that are out of season.


Shads eat a lot of different things throughout their lifetime. Their food choices and behavior also vary depending on the season, water temperature, ages, species, location, and size. However, you can use small fish, worms, and grubs as bait when fishing for shad. Now you know "what does shad eat?".​

You might also like : Everything You Need To Know About How To Get One Day Fishing License Info

How To Catch Sheepshead Fish: Everything You Need To Know!

In the cold month especially during winter, fish like the sheepshead fish are plenty and thus, easier to catch. It’s the perfect time to start sheepshead fishing for a fun recreational activity and probably even a healthy and sumptuous dinner. If you’re a beginner, this article will help you learn the equipment and tips on how to catch sheepshead fish!

Members of the porgy family, sheepshead fish, have a set of large protruding molar teeth that are very similar to that of sheep and other mammals, thus their name. They also have thick, flattened bodies with characteristic black and white or grayish stripes, gaining them the nickname “convict fish”.

These fish have heavy, sharp spines on their anal and dorsal fins. Their sweet, juicy, and tender make a very nice meal. They also grow from 2 pounds up to 20 pounds in weight, but the usual catch consists of 2 to 5-pound fish. With the right tools and skills, sheepshead fish are fairly easy and fun to catch.

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