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How To Fish With A Spinner – 5 Simple Techniques

Spinners are small, metal fishing lures with blades that spin around a body to attract fish. The spinning motion reflects light and sends out subtle vibrations in the water as would a small fish. This fools your target fish to bite your bait or hook.

For the supplies you’ll need and instructions on how to fish with a spinner, please continue reading below!​

While spinners can be very helpful, they don’t have too much of a benefit when used incorrectly. Several tools or techniques should be applied.


For a quicker, easier fishing trip and the proper execution of spinner fishing techniques, you’ll need the following:

Fishing Vest

Rod and Reel

Fishing Line



Simple tools


​Techniques on How to Fish With a Spinner

The following are a bunch of useful spinner fishing techniques and how they can be performed:​

1. Bottom Bouncing​

Bottom Bouncing is used for casting from upstream of a river, usually from an inflatable dingy or a boat during trolling or in current fishing in wide freshwater bodies. It is effective for catching brook trout, cutthroat trout, bull trout, and rainbow trout.​ Remember to use fishing spinners for trout.


● Cast the spinner behind the boat or upstream until it touches the bottom.

● Allow the spinner to bounce on the bottom while moving downstream. The motion will bring up the mud, and the commotion should attract your target.

● Quickly retrieve your line with the current so that the lure works fully.

● Repeat casting and bottom bouncing several times.​

2. Live Lining​

This technique uses traditional live baits and gears. It is often used in naturally flowing freshwater bodies like rivers of streams from an anchored boat. Live lining allows the bait to go under and through cover, rocks, holes, and other places where gamefish could be hiding.


● Cast your line and allow the bait to reach the bottom.

● Retrieve so that the baitfish rises but not too far from the bottom. The current and the movement of the baitfish should help you here.

● Keep your bait close to the bottom.

3. Chumming​

This method is often used by seasoned anglers where chum is thrown overboard. Chum is the term used for chopped or ground vegetables, meat, or fish used to attract fish, especially sharks. Chumming is used to have the fish return at least temporarily to spots where they have not been for some time.​


●Prepare some chum from a tackle shop. Some offer special mixes intended for specific fish species. If you don’t want to spend too much, you can use some bread, bread crumbs, canned corn, or pet food. 

●Throw some chum overboard into the water. Approximate the amount of chum you should use to attract the fish nearer but not get them full.

● Wait for a while before casting in the chummed spot.

● Make a habit of regularly throwing chum on the same spot to make it a good fishing spot.

4. Walking the Dog

Walking the Dog is successful because it does not allow the lure ever to stop moving in the same small area, making it hard to be identified by target fish. It gives the illusion of slow progress and coverage while constantly moving back and forth as well.​


● Cast and allow your line and lure to settle a little.

● Hold your rod at a medium height of 1 to 1.5 feet above the water’s surface, slightly angling it down with the tip close to the water.

● Move your rod from left to right using your wrist, making a wider movement than you want your lure to move.

● Maintain a slight slack on the line before and right after each jerking motion by slowly and steadily reeling out. This resists drag, allows the lure to keep moving, and allows it to move naturally.

● Keep your eyes on the lure and slowly allow it to move down until the rod tip almost touches the water. Then, without pausing, snap the rod back to the original position while preserving some slack on your line.

● Deliver a non-stop alternating series of strokes and jerks so that the lure zigzags about six inches from side to side. Remember that the rod tip should move wider to overcome the slack on the line.

● Try to maintain a steady rhythm until you retrieve.

5. Jigging

Jigging is a popular method performed to catch different fish species by modifying or changing the rigs’ shape, play, color, and movement. This is often used for catching saltwater fish from deep waters.


● Cast and wait until your jig or lure touches the bottom.

● Use the rod tip to make the lure hop and then lower it back down.

● Avoid bringing the rod too high because this will prevent you from hooking properly when a fish bites.

● Continue reeling down to lower the bait and reeling up to pull it from the bottom until you feel a bite.

To give you a better idea of how spinner fishing works, here’s a very helpful and informative​ video.


There you have it! Those are the materials you need and the techniques on how to fish with a spinner. These can be used for catching a wide variety of fish species like trout, bass, salmon, walleye, bream, perch, pike, and blue kurper.​

You might also like: What Is The Best Way To Kill A Fish?

What Is The Best Way To Kill A Fish?

After catching fish, the next thing to do is to kill it. So what’s the fastest, easiest, most humane, best way to kill a fish? While some people would prefer to let the fish thrasharound to slowly die before icing or cleaning them, this method is actually cruel, inhumane, unethical, and generally inadvisable.

For one recent studies show that fish are actually feeling creatures. So when you do this, they feel unnecessary pain and distress. Also, this reduces its value, freshness, quality and also decreases the storage life of the flesh.

The Unacceptable Methods​

Before we get right into the best method, first, here are the methods deemed unacceptable by the Humane Slaughter Association and Fish Count (a UK organization):​

1. Live chilling in the freezer or ice water - it slowly suffocates the fish.

2. Cutting and bleeding out the gills before stunning - this is extremely painful for the fish.

3. Exposure to air or removal from water- this also violently and painfully suffocates the fish​.

What’s The Best Way to Kill a Fish?​

​Now that we’ve ruled those out, here are the different easy, quick, and humane ways to kill a fish.

Three methods are preferred by most anglers, fishermen, cooks, and food handlers.

  • Percussive stunning followed by bleeding
  • Severing the spinal cord
  • The iki jime method

1. Percussive Stunning​

The Blow

​Percussive stunning, simply put, is a blow to the fish’s head using a blunt object. It is arguably the quickest and easiest method of killing a fish.

How to Stun a Fish?

To do this, just deliver a fast, firm, hard blow or knock on the head of the fish at the top of its skull behind its eyes. You can use a heavy wooden or metal club called a “priest” or a small club made specifically for this purpose.

This delivers a huge, sudden impact on the brain to instantly kill the fish or cause it to become unconscious, thus the term “stunning”.

The blow should have enough mechanical force to reach and be absorbed by the brain and disrupt its neurological activity. However, it should not be too powerful as to crush the skull.

Most smaller fish can be stunned by holding the fish in one hand and using your dominant hand to strike it. If you’re handling larger fish, you can lay them on its belly on a flat, steady surface.

​Confirming Death or Unconsciousness

​After the blow, there are a few tests you can do to determine if your fish actually died or was rendered subconscious. Here’s how:

  • Rotate the fish in your hands while observing the eyes to test the eye roll reflex. If the eye does not move, the fish is either dead or unconscious.
  • Look at the operculum or the structure covering the gills. If these do not rhythmically open and close, the fish is dead.
  • Place the fish in a bucket of water. If it sinks and no movement is seen as an attempt to swim, the stunning is successful.


​Once the fish is confirmed to be unconscious or dead, you should now let it bleed. Bleeding is done to maintain the freshness and high quality of the flesh.

To do this, turn the fish so that its belly is facing up. Look for the thin flap of skin tissue between the base of its throat and the gills. Hold the fish by the head using one hand, pointing the throat away from you and with your finger hooked around the flap.

Next, pull the flap to cut or disrupt it. Two large blood vessels located in the throat should open and gush out blood. Let the fish bleed out for a while before removing its guts, cleaning it, and icing it.

Percussive stunning is commonly used when dealing with strong, large, and potentially dangerous fish like halibut, mackerel, tuna, sharks, and such. Usually, several blows may be required. It can also be used for salmon and trout.

However, it may not be effective for fish species with hard skulls or those that are significantly different regarding anatomy. For these fish, you may need to adjust the position so that you can strike nearest to the brain or use a different method.

To know more about this method, please check out this video:​

​2. Severing the spinal cord

Cutting or destroying the spinal cord of the fish also renders it dead immediately and so it can also be the best way to kill a fish.

To do this, you should first identify the part of the fish called the throat latch. It is located between and under its gills.

Then, holding it with both hands, bend the fish’s head back sharply using a swift movement. This breaks the spine and severs the spinal cord.Not only does this method kill the fish instantly but also lets it bleed out thoroughly without doing another extra step.

While this method can be very effective especially when handling smaller species, it requires some skill and guts to do it. Sometimes, it can also be messy and nerve-wracking to perform.​

3. Iki jime​

Iki jime is a Japanese technique also known as spiking or pithing. It involves piercing and destroying the fish’s brain using a sharp metal object such as a screwdriver or knife. There are also specialized iki jime tools that you can buy from some tackle shops.

Iki jime is a precise process and requires some skill. But, if mastered, it can be the a good method to kill a fish because it causes the least amount of stress to the fish and improves its value as food.

The first thing you need to do is to find a soft area of the skull close to the brain (Refer to the figure below for salmon and trout). Remember that this may vary among different species.

Then, using your chosen spiking tool, quickly and firmly pierce the area. Next, wiggle the tool around. When done properly, this should destroy the brain, and the body of the fish should limp instantly. This indicates that it is dead or unconscious.​

After pithing, you can now clean and ice your fish. Afterwards, it is ready to be skinned, filleted, or cut.


Depending on the fish species, your skills, and personal preference, these three different methods may be considered as the best way to kill a fish. However, in real life, a combination of two or all of these is used for optimum results.

Percussive stunning is quick and efficient but requires extreme strength. Severing the spinal cord and iki jime, on the other hand, requires special skills and guts to perform such as find fish brain location for instance. Future, they may have to be performed differently or may not work at all for every fish species.​

You might also like :How Big Do Minnows Get? Facts You Didn’t Know

How Big Do Minnows Get? Facts You Didn’t Know

How big do minnows get? Do they grow bigger as time goes by? Are there any contributing factors to how big these fish can get? If there are, what are some of these factors? And how do they contribute to the growth of minnows?

Do any of these questions sound familiar? If they do…you are NOT alone. And this is because minnows are only known to be a super tiny fish family often used as bait for catching bigger fish.

When you read some articles that talk about minnows, you’ll find that there is very little information about this particular subject. There aren’t many resources explaining exactly how big minnows can get. So with this in mind, let’s take a quick look at some basics about minnows, what it is about their size and how “big” you can expect them to grow.

General Concern

The word “minnows” is frequently misunderstood. Some people think that all small fish are minnows, but in actual sense, it is a scientific reference. Minnows are way above 2100 species all over the world, and it is expected that most of them, if not all to grow to about 3- 4 inches long, although there are exceptions, given a large number of species available.

With a large number of species belonging to the same group, it is inevitable for interbreeding among them to take place. It thus means that you cannot accurately determine the length or size of a particular minnow without considering such vital elements.

Therefore, determining a particular size or length for minnows cannot be pegged on specific factors given that the breeds vary significantly and also the natural elements also affect the concrete answer to the question.

Characteristics Of Minnows

But one of the compelling aspects that you also need to understand is the fact that there are different types of minnows. Some of these minnows share a considerable number of features given that they belong to the same family but also have other different characteristics. It thus implies that the size when they are fully grown also vary, albeit insignificant to tell.

The most common one is the fathead minnow, which is arguably used in a wide range of applications including, laboratory tests, fish feeders, water toxicity tests and fish baits among others. It is also the type of breed that many anglers across the world prefer using in their day to day fishing activities.

Nonetheless, it is vital to make sure that you carefully identify this species when perhaps purchasing them for breeding purpose. It is because most of them look like small cyprinid and thus can be relatively difficult to identify accurately.

If you’re keen enough, you should realize that minnows have an incomplete lateral line. Another outstanding feature is the terminal mouth. Although, some minnows will have underslung mouth even when fully grown.

Minnows do not have teeth in the mouth but have what is referred to as pharyngeal teeth, which enables them to grind the food at the throat.

Minnows also have a dark spot on the front area around the dorsal fin as well as a stubby first ray on the dorsal fin. Again, these two features are shared by some of the members of the same Pimephales genus.

How Big Do They Get?

If you’re a budding lake or fish pond manager or angler, then this is an essential concept that you need to understand. One thing that you have to note is that the minnows, especially fathead, feed on almost everything that is available for them.

They’re heavy eaters; it does not matter what type of food whether it’s wild algae, insects or plankton. When confined, they can also eat anything including shrimp, flakes, tubifex, and bloodworms among others. In general, some of them are omnivores whereas others are carnivores, so it also depends on the particular species.

Determining how big the minnows can get varies from one species to another given that we have over 2100 species. For instance, how frequently they eat determines how fast they grow.

Some of them such as the fathead, which is commonly used, however, grow to about three inches long or slightly above three inches. There are some such as the creek chubs that grow up to 10-12 inches. Gold shiners grow up to between 6-7 inches whereas shiners grow up to about 5-6 inches long.

The actual optimum size of these organisms entirely depends on the particular type of species and other environmental factors surrounding their breeding. But you also need to know that you can’t expect them to grow to 5 pounds of fish however much and long you breed them.

Minnows are just minnows, and that is the reason they are used mainly as baits. The lifespan of minnows mostly ranges between 12 to 24 months. During this time, they reproduce a minimum of between three to six times before the end of their life cycle but depending on how frequently and sufficiently they feed as well as how conducive the environment is.

Some minnows turn into a predator where they end up eating their young ones, which may prevent them from growing big as expected. This is however exceptional on fathead minnows which only grow to their optimum level without predating on themselves for whatever reasons.

As much as minnows tend to be relatively small in size, it is also ideal to understand the nature of how they reproduce. Often, they spawning during spring or early summer. However, this also varies depending on the specific species. But the variation in temperatures also plays a pivotal role in determining how large they get and how fast the growth takes place.


Some species have an elaborate method of spawning. For instance, in some species, it is the male who constructs sort of a make-up nest, where the female deposits the eggs and the male ultimately fertilizes them, guard the eggs for a particular period until they hatch.

The most important thing when looking at how big minnows can get is by simply understanding that they are different from small fish. Their growth activities are different and thus the reason that leads to a difference in the sizes after they are fully matured.


You might also like : How To Cast, Maintain, And Choose The Best Underspin Reel

How To Cast, Maintain, And Choose The Best Underspin Reel

In this article, you will be guided about some of the best underspin reel reviews as well as maintenance and casting techniques.



Out Rating

Daiwa Underspin-XD Series, Trigger-Control Closed-Face Reel

Daiwa Underspin-XD Series, Trigger-Control Closed-Face Reel

Zebco 33 Gold Micro Triggerspin

Zebco Micro Trigger-spin 11MTS Fishing Reel

Zebco Micro Trigger-spin 11MTS Fishing Reel

 Shakespeare Synergy Steel Reel

Shakespeare Synergy Steel Reel

​Underspin reels are a type of lightweight reels. This reel type is a product of years of research and the latest technologies. They are generally easier to use, and while most anglers consider them as something only kids and beginners should use, they can actually add challenge to the fishing game of those with years of experience.

Underspin fishing reels or triggerspin reels are kind of like a combination of spinning and spincast reels. Like spin cast reels, they have an enclosed face. They also hang underneath standard spinning rods like spinning reels do. However, they have an added feature: they have a trigger that’s useful when casting.

​Best Underspin Reel Reviews

1. Daiwa Underspin-XD Series Reel - Editor’s Pick​

Daiwa Underspin-XD Series, Trigger-Control Closed-Face Reel -2


The Daiwa Underspin XD Series is my best pick because I like how it’s ultra-lightweight and very well built. You also get a good deal for a nice reel for a reasonable price.

Unlike most other similar reels, Daiwa XD uses a trigger release activated by your finger through the forward-facing lever. It also has a bottom-mounted configuration that prevents line twisting or backlash. This reel is constructed with rugged metal gears and a Hardboyz Rigid aluminum alloy which makes it solid and durable without bearing too much weight.

It also allows me to get an excellent hook set, smooth retrieves, and longer casts thanks to the oversized line aperture, ball bearing drive, and rotating titanium nitrided line pickup. Aside from the trigger release, it also has a rear dial operated drag that makes it manageable with only one hand and prevents accidental or unwanted adjustments. It is also suitable for use with a wide variety of rods including noodle models and flies.


  • Great reel for its price
  • Ideal for catching large fish of up to 7 pounds
  • Easily adjustable
  • Large spool diameter and center hole for precise and long-range casting
  • Great for everyday use
  • Works well and easy to use for teaching and learning beginner techniques
  • Minimizes line tangles, twisting, and backlash
  • Offers a smooth drag


  • Reports of multiple and repeated drag system malfunctions
  • Drag knob is loosely attached
  • The tangle-prevention or anti-reverse mechanisms does not work very well or tend to stop working after some time
  • The line that comes with the spool is of low quality and low sensitivity
  • Made in China

2. Zebco 33 Gold Micro Triggerspin- Alternative Pick

Zebco 33 Gold Micro Triggerspin - 2


This Spincast convertible triggerspin reel from Zebco is made with a highly durable graphite frame, and industrial-grade brushed stainless steel covers. The reasons why I did not choose this as the best underspin reel on the market among those listed here is because it is slightly more expensive than the Daiwa XD.

There are also very few reviews about it, a nice chunk of which report about it negatively. Therefore, I assumed that it does not work as well for everybody and may somehow require some getting used to.

Anyway, what I like about it is its continuous Anti-reverse technology that prevents the handle from moving while I pay out the line to reel in heavy or struggling fish. It also comes pre-spooled with a 4-pound Cajun line that is 90 yards long. It has a 3-bearing drive, and a convertible retriever as well. It has a gear ratio of 4:3:1.

If you purchase it from certified resellers, you can also get a 1-year limited manufacturer warranty.​


  • Changeable ambidextrous retrieve
  • Lightweight yet heavy duty graphite frame
  • Continuous Anti-reverse
  • Dial adjustable, smooth drag
  • Dual ceramic pick-up pins
  • Great for jigging, stream fishing for trout, or crappie fishing with a fly rod
  • Easy to cast
  • Quality-made


  • One user notes he had to tighten the reel handle screws pretty often
  • Many customers report defects and non-functionality
  • The line that comes with it breaks easily for a 4-pound test
  • Grinds as if the gears and bearings are shot even with minimal use

​3. Zebco Micro Triggerspin 11MTS Fishing Reel- Budget Pick

Zebco Micro Trigger-spin 11MTS Fishing Reel - 2


If you are looking for a best triggerspin reel and you have a limited budget, this Zebco Micro Triggerspin Reel is one of your best bets. For only a few bucks, you get a triggerspin casting trigger with a line release system and a selective anti-reverse mechanism-equipped fishing reel with multiple stops.

I also applaud the adjustable drag that lets me adjust the drag according to the type, size, and strength of the fish using a simple dial.

I also like its graphite frame and corrosion-resistant stainless steel covers. Whether you’re right-handed or left-handed, you can use this reel easily thanks to the changeable ambidextrous retrieve setting.

It also features all-metal extra-hard magnum gears, dual pick-up pins, and ball-bearing drive with a gear ratio of 4:3:1. The pick-up pins are also ceramic and cut-proof. It even comes pre-spooled with a 4-pound, 90-yard-long monofilament line with authentic Zebco quality.​


  • Bite Alert technology
  • Quick Set anti-reverse mechanism
  • Pre-spooled trigger cast reel
  • Durable graphite frame
  • Easily adjustable drag
  • Great for freshwater fishing interchangeable ambidextrous retrieve system
  • Smooth action and casting
  • Ultra-lightweight
  • Small size


  • Drag calibration is a bit tricky to adjust
  • Snags toward the end of line retrieval due to an unknown cause
  • Makes a noisy, growling sound during retrieval
  • Sloppy crank handle
  • Has a plastic trigger
  • Not ideal for beginners

4. Shakespeare Synergy Steel Underspin Reel - Upgrade Pick

Shakespeare Synergy Steel Reel - 2


Shakespeare has built a long reputation for producing quality and affordable fishing tackle and gear. However, the Synergy Underspin reel from the company qualifies as the upgrade pick since it is the most expensive among all reels in this list, although not by much,

This reel can be used by anyone in the family, beginner or expert alike. It features a polished stainless steel front cone and rear cover, a steel handle, and a titanium line guide as well.

It also has insta-grab dual titanium pickup pins and is driven by a 4:1:1- ratio gear. Another thing I like about this reel is its adjustable, multi-disc drag system which allows me to control the drag depending on my target fish.

This reel helps reduce damage to the line thanks to its durable elastomeric pinch ring. It also comes pre-spooled with a 70-yard 4-pound line. The Synergy Titanium Microspin Reel also features a chrome-plated steel handle with easy-grip textured rubber knobs. The hand-convertible retrieve also makes it easy to use for both right-handed and left-handed users.​


  • Durable and lightweight frame
  • Suitable for everyday use by anglers of all skill levels
  • Uses metal gears with a 4:1:1 ratio for durability
  • Secure lock screw in the rear cover and handle provides better support
  • Holds up very well for medium-sized fish
  • Very easy to use
  • Good adjustable drag system
  • Easy to grasp
  • Great as a backpack reel


  • Might be too small for some fishermen or anglers
  • One user reports that his reel won’t reel the line back in after casting
  • Some plastic pieces tend to be weak and often defective
  • The drag system is very limited when it comes to tightness
  • The fixes for common problems on the reel require complicated steps

What Are Underspin Or Triggerspin reels?

As mentioned earlier, an underspin or triggerspin reel is essentially just a combination of a spinning reel and a spin cast reel. It can also be viewed as a spin cast reel mounted under a standard spinning rod. It has a lever also known as the “trigger” which is held by a finger, usually the forefinger.

When casting forward casts, the trigger is released, and the line unwinds and releases from the fixed spool. Similar to spin cast reels, underspin reels have pick-up pins instead of the usual wire bails to hold the line. The closed face of an underspin reel is often a rounded hood where a hole for the line to pass through is located. The latest models typically feature larger hole sizes to allow for longer and smoother casting.

The enclosure can be made with various materials like hard plastic, aluminum alloys, or other metals. This enclosure is where you can find the spool system along with other components and mechanisms that prevent backlash, tangles, or twisting of the line.

What are the advantages of a triggerspin reel or underspin reel? There are many advantages of underspin reels that not everyone knows about. For some of the most notable benefits of underspin reels, check out this list below:

Most triggerspin or underspin reels can be purchased already pre-spooled with fishing lines

Triggerspin reels are among the ideal reels to be used for most kinds of freshwater fishing

The latest and most innovative and sophisticated underspin models are also rich in upgraded features

Underspin reels are very suitable

All triggerspin or underspin reels are equipped with adjustable drag systems

Similar to many other reel types

How To Cast An Underspin Reel

There are many ways to cast a reel. However, specific types may require certain skills or techniques to cast properly. For instructions on how you should cast an underspin reel, refer to the tutorial below:

1. When casting a triggerspin reel, the first thing you should do is squeeze the trigger. So hold it with your forefinger or index finger. This holds and secures your fishing line.

2. Next, position the rod tip at an angle behind you somewhere within or between the two o’clock and three o’clock positions if you plan to make an over-the-shoulder cast. For a sidearm cast, you can also bring your rod to one side, all the while still holding the trigger.

3. Determine your target and keep your eye on it. Focus on aiming at that target.

4. Begin making a forward cast by swinging the rod tip back a little and then shooting it forward with a single smooth and continuous motion.

5. Make sure to release the trigger held by your finger on the right moment, usually around the 10 o’clock position or when the fishing rod’s tip aligns evenly with your body, for a smoother, farther cast.6. To retrieve, turn the handle to re-engage the lock.​

For an illustration on how to properly do that, please check out this video:

General Care And Maintenance Tips For Closed-Faced Reels

Regardless of whether your reel is expensive or not, you should still observe proper care and maintenance to make sure it will last longer and will work optimally every time you use it.​

Because closed-faced reels like underspin reels come with enclosures, regular maintenance is a bit more challenging due to the extra steps and measures you should remember. Here are the tips on how you can keep your reel working great for a long, long time:

  • Make sure to keep your reel free from dirt, sand, and other debris. In cases where this cannot be prevented, remove the debris as soon as you can.
  • Store your reels in a dust-free shelf, shed, or storage area.
  • Clean and dry your reel completely before storing to avoid rust and other problems.
  • Use a protective container, bag, or cover for your fishing equipment.
  • Apply lubrication on parts of your reel that needs it, but only sparingly. Do not use WD-40 but choose recommended reel lubricants only. WD-40 tends to build up over time, which can run your equipment on top of ruining your otherwise smooth retrieves and casts.


So those are the best underspin reel reviews! Remember to follow the care and maintenance tips and casting instructions especially if you are a beginner. Knowing the basics is always important for any activity or sport.

Did you learn anything new and did this article help you choose the ideal equipment for you? If so, please feel free to share it with your friends and family! You are also welcome to leave your comments, questions, or suggestions in the comment section below so please do so. I’d love to hear from you!​

You might also like : What Does Shad Eat? (What You Need To Know To Find The Perfect Bait)

What Does Shad Eat? (What You Need To Know To Find The Perfect Bait)

If you’re into fishing, you should know that different types of fish prefer different food choices. This is important knowledge when it comes to choosing baits or taking care of fish as well. In this article, you will be guided by the diet choices of shads, to answer "what does shad eat?".

What Is A Shad?

Shads, or scientifically called Alosinae, is a subfamily of fishes under the herring family. They are pelagicschooling fish, which means they spend most of their lifetime, swimming in open water in large groups.

Many species of shad are anadromous, meaning, they migrate into freshwater to spawn and reproduce. Some are even landlocked or have adapted into staying permanently in freshwater and never migrate back to the sea.

Many species of shads are of commercial importance both as sports fish and baitfish. Male shads, also known as freshwater tarpons, are particularly great game fish known to show jumps. There are different types of shad, including the following:​

  • American Shad
  • Gizzard Shad
  • Hickory Shad
  • Blueback Herring
  • Alewife
  • Threadfin Shad
  • Menhaden, Bunker, or Mossbunker

Shads are included in the mainstay diets of sportfish like catfish. They are also among the most popularand widely distributed baitfish used in Florida and California.

What Does Shad Eat?​

Like most other fish, their feeding behaviors and instincts vary depending on factors such as water temperature and turbidity. They often resume eating normally after winter or in spring as the water temperature goes up.

Most larval shads survive by consuming yolk material during the first few days of their lives and begin to feed about 4 to 5 days after hatching. Their diet for the first weeks is mainly entomostracans (smallcrustaceans), protozoans (single-celled organisms), and rotifers (microscopic animals).​

After they leave their birthplace or hatching place, shads become juveniles and start to eat more. Asjuveniles, shads are omnivorous heterotrophs. This means that they consume both animals and plantsand other things found floating in the water like insect larvae, phytoplankton (microscopic plants), andzooplankton (microscopic animals). In lakes, juvenile shads that are one to two inches long eatzooplankton almost exclusively.​

As shads get older and bigger, their food choices also grow. They start to eat plankton, small fish, worms, crustaceans, and sometimes even fish eggs. Adult shads are largely considered as carnivores or meat-eaters. They are mainly piscivores, meaning a huge chunk of their diet is composed of other smaller fish species.

They also eat detritus, algae, insect larvae, exuviae or the sloughed off skin orexoskeleton of insects and their larvae, and non-insect arthropods like small crabs, spiders, mites, centipedes, millipedes, and others.​

Gizzard shad have also been reported to eat fingernail clams in parts of the Mississippi River anddiatoms (a type of microalgae that classify under phytoplankton), Spirogyra (a type of green algae), oligochaetes (which include earthworms), and tendipedids (insects that include flies) in a stream inKentucky.​

​What Are The Best Baits Or Lures To Catch Shad?

Grubs, small minnows, worms, and other live baits can be used to catch shad. However, fishermen find that cheaper artificial lures are more effective. These are used to trigger a reaction strike and can be as simple as two beads threaded through the line and a blank hook.​

The most common artificial lure used as shad bait is a shad dart. Shad darts are small jigs with lightweight lead heads and a tinsel, marabou, or feather tail. Other jigs used to catch bluegill and crappieare also effective for shad fishing. Other options are weighted flies, fly fishing tackles, small flutterspoons, and spinners.

Fishing Techniques For Catching Shad​

When they migrate, shads swim at the lower parts of the water column which is why they are often found in channels or the deepest parts of lakes and rivers. Because of this, anglers and spin fishermen use weighted lined or flies to place the bait or artificial lure at the right location and depth.

There is also a thing fishermen call a shad rig, which is Y-shaped and consists of two lures about a feet or two apart with a weight on a line in front or in between them. The lures can either be a shad dart and a spoon spinner or two shad darts. A live grub can also be threaded on the dart.

You can also easily catch shad through drift casting or slow trolling. For example, you can cast upriver and then allow your lure to drift along with the current.​

Shad are easily found during spring when they tend to school together with several other species. However, be mindful about fishing seasons in your location and make sure to release shad species that are out of season.


Shads eat a lot of different things throughout their lifetime. Their food choices and behavior also vary depending on the season, water temperature, ages, species, location, and size. However, you can use small fish, worms, and grubs as bait when fishing for shad. Now you know "what does shad eat?".​

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How To Catch Sheepshead Fish: Everything You Need To Know!

In the cold month especially during winter, fish like the sheepshead fish are plenty and thus, easier to catch. It’s the perfect time to start sheepshead fishing for a fun recreational activity and probably even a healthy and sumptuous dinner. If you’re a beginner, this article will help you learn the equipment and tips on how to catch sheepshead fish!

Members of the porgy family, sheepshead fish, have a set of large protruding molar teeth that are very similar to that of sheep and other mammals, thus their name. They also have thick, flattened bodies with characteristic black and white or grayish stripes, gaining them the nickname “convict fish”.

These fish have heavy, sharp spines on their anal and dorsal fins. Their sweet, juicy, and tender make a very nice meal. They also grow from 2 pounds up to 20 pounds in weight, but the usual catch consists of 2 to 5-pound fish. With the right tools and skills, sheepshead fish are fairly easy and fun to catch.

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A Beginner’s Guide To Best Trolling Rod Holders – Buyer Guide’s (2019)

Fishing can be exciting or equally frustrating depending on the kinds of trolling equipment you’re using. Whether you do fishing as a leisure activity or for commercial purposes, obtaining the best trolling rod holders is prudent.

But how precisely do you determine the best-trolling holder in the market to buy? If you’re in such a limbo, worry not. This article will help you to know the trick as well as some of the highly regarded brands in the market.

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The Best And The Easiest Method On How To Remove Paint From Aluminum Ship

Your ship or boat’s paint has a lot to do with how beautiful it appears. Many people often tend to just cover up a bad or old paint job with more layers, but this can compromise the new, clean look you want to be going for.

With poor upkeep and preservation or many years of service, a ship’s paint may look dull, cracked, stained and just downright displeasing to the eyes. In order to actually restore it to a state like new, you will have to remove the old paint, prime, and repaint.

But because aluminum is a relatively delicate metal in nature, removing paint from the surface can seem challenging. Not only does it require strong chemicals, but you are also at risk of damaging the metal itself or spending heaps of money.

However, though it’s not going to be too easy or fun, removing paint from aluminum is possible with the help of the right tools, a few simple steps, and a little patience.

If you have no idea where to start and what to do in order to strip the aluminum hull of your ship or boat down to the shiny, gleaming, bare metal, this article is for you! Keep reading for more information, tips, and tricks!

What you need to follow this tutorial

As I have said, you need the right tools to get a job done correctly, efficiently, and quickly. So, here is a list of all the things you will need to help you remove paint from aluminum ship. Some of these will be used to actually remove the paint while some will protect you and your environment from chemical damage.

1. Heavy drop cloths, pieces of newspaper, or used cardboard

These will be used to cover everything that you want to protect from the chemical stripper such as the floor or ground on your driveway or garage as well as other furniture and things around your working space.

2. Protective Gear

Of course, you want to protect yourself just as much as you want to protect your things. So, grab protective gears for your hands like thick rubber gloves. The fumes of the chemicals that you will be using and exposing yourself to can also damage your eyes and lungs.

To prevent this, use a respirator or a dust or gas mask as well as laboratory goggles or other gear for eye protection. Tip: Wearing long sleeves or overalls will also protect your skin from contact with the chemicals.

3. Chemical paint stripper or an aircraft quality paint thinner or remover.

The high-quality paint thinner or remover can be bought from most auto or marine parts and supplies stores while the chemical paint stripper is also widely sold. Usually, these contain methylene chloride and work in dissolving the paint on aluminum to make its removal much easier for you. You can also buy these in gel or aerosol spray forms.

Make sure to buy something that is not corrosive or abrasive. A biodegradable formula is also more preferable for your safety and easier usage. These types also do not irritate your eyes and nose as much and can be removed with water.

If you can find any, you can choose a stripper specific for metal or aluminum. There are also formulas that can dissolve or remove oil-based or latex paint, epoxy, shellac, acrylics, polyurethane, enamel, lacquer, and varnish.

Choose something that caters to your specific needs and make sure that you get enough. Note also that depending on the number of layers and the type of paint used; you may have to reapply the chemical stripper several times even with a remover that can work on multiple paint layers at a time.

4. A can or pan made of metal or glass

This will serve as a container for the chemicals. The strength and harshness of these chemicals can severely damage, dissolve, or have an adverse chemical reaction with plastic.

5. Disposable paint or chip brushes

Disposable brushes are more practical and cheaper to be used for this purpose because paint thinner or stripper is hard to remove and wash off. It can also affect future painting jobs so it’s better to have something you can simply throw away afterwards.

6. Paint scraper or a grinder

These tools are very handy to use for easier clean up of thinned paint, especially on large, flat surfaces. Using this can save much of your precious time. Use the paint scraper, preferably one with a long handle, on relatively flatter surfaces.

The grinder and different sanding discs will make your work easier and cleaner on curved parts of the hull. Tip: Using different grits of flip discs will give different results from a rough to a shiny, smooth finish. It's best to have a few different grits on hand.

7. Dry rags

You will use rags for cleaning before you start, towards the end or afterwards. Use one to soak up spills, apply turpentine, or wipe off dust and debris on the aluminum piece you will be working on.

8. White spirits, turpentine, or acid wash

Small flakes or patches of stubborn leftover paint may be hard to remove. You can use turpentine, spirits, or acid wash to wipe them all off for a cleaner finish.

9. Water

Water has a lot of uses, especially with a pressurized hose. It serves as a quick and cheap cleaning tool as well as a solvent to neutralize the chemical stripper in case you get some on your skin.

Step by step instructions on How to Remove Paint from Aluminum Ship

Once you have everything you need, you can then proceed to the tougher part. I suggest that you carefully read and understand all the steps first, so you’ll know what you will be dealing with and to give you a chance to plan ahead or use any additional tools that can further help you.

Step 1. Choose a work area.

Because the chemical fumes are a lot to handle, the best place to work is somewhere outdoors a little way away from your house, especially if you live with children.

If that is not an option for you, a large shed or garage or even an open driveway could work. Just make sure that there is ample ventilation.

Pro Tip: open all windows and doors to avoid inhaling or exposing yourself too much to the fumes.

Step 2. Preparing your work area.

To prepare your working space, start by covering the ground with thick, heavy drop cloths. Or, if you are on a budget and do not want to spend too much money on supplies, several layers of old newspaper or flattened cardboard boxes could work just as well.

Whatever material you end up using, make sure to leave no gaps between the pieces where the chemical may leak or seep through. These will protect the ground surface from corrosion and damage from the chemical stripper.

Step 3. Protect yourself.

Again, because I cannot stress this enough, do not use your bare hands to handle a chemical stripper or any strong chemicals for that matter. Use thick rubber gloves to protect the skin on your hands from irritation or chemical burn. Also, wear a long-sleeved shirt and a pair of thick pants or overalls to completely cover your skin.

Then, to avoid inhalation of the fumes, wear a respirator, a gas mask, or a dust mask. Do this even with the doors and windows open. The fumes and small debris can also get into your eyes, so wear protective goggles.

Tip: if your garage, tool shed, or workshop where you will be doing this has an exhaust, turn it on for the whole duration of this task as well as after finishing to disperse the fumes.

Step 4. Prepare your aluminum ship’s hull.

Before applying the chemical stripper, prepare the ship by spraying it with freshwater, drying it off and making sure to remove any stuff covering it aside from paint.

You can also use a pressure washer to remove the top coats or chipped off pieces of paint. Cover the whole area, going back and forth, and then let it dry. This will ensure that the stripper will work directly on the paint.

Step 5. Apply the chemical stripper or thinner.

Next, pour a little amount of the stripper into a metal or glass can or container. Then, with your disposable chip brush, apply the chemical stripper to the metal and allow it to set or work according to the included instructions in the packaging.

Different brands and types of formulas require different lengths of time to set and take effect. While it sets, you should begin to notice some bubbles coming from the metal’s surface.

Matt and Jessica from found that through testing on a small patch first, you can know how accurate the time indicated in the instructions will be. For example, the aircraft paint remover they had said the paint will be ready to come off after 5 to 10 minutes but did not, even after three tries.

A simple tip from them: do not apply paint stripper under very hot weather. Wait until the temperatures have gone down a bit and then wait for a longer time after applying before you scrape it off. In their case, allowing the stripper to stay for 20 minutes did the trick.

Step 6. Scrubbing off the dissolved paint.

After the stripper has completely set, use a paint scraper or grinder to chip off or scrape the bubbled paint from all the wide, flatter surfaces of the metal. Then, use a nylon brush, a piece of sandpaper, or scouring pad to scrub the crevices and other areas that are hard to reach.

Pro Tip: you can also use the disposable brush that you used previously. Simply rinse it thoroughly and cut the bristles short.

Repeat the stripper application and brush, chip, or scrape away for as many times as you deem necessary or until the aluminum ship is as clean and paint-free as you want it to be.

In Matt and Jessica’s case, they used 100 grit flip discs to remove the remaining paint. Then, they followed it with 150 grit and 220 grit discs to add shine.

Step 7. Remove leftover paint.

Next, to remove any leftover paint residues, dampen a rag with turpentine or mineral spirits or an acid wash. Use this to wipe down all of the surfaces. Remaining flakes or chipped paint should be removed along with remaining chemicals. This also brightens the metal and evens out the surface.

Step 8. Finishing touches.

Then, rinse off the metal thoroughly with water. Tip: you can use a hose with or without pressure to more easily wash it away. This is to remove all traces of the chemical stripper and the spirits or acid wash. You can also use a car sponge, water, and some dish soap.

Next, wipe down the surface with a different dry rag to clean and dry it further. If you’re working on a big ship, simply allow it to dry for a few hours. The surface should be clean and shiny. Tip: now is the best time to brush on some weather-proofing sealant, a primer, a barrier coat, and new coats of paint.

If you wish to repaint your boat, check out this video:

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How To Pick The Best Waterproof Backpack-Buyer Guide’s (2019)

Whether you’re a hunter, a trekker, a hiker, a photographer, a soldier, an adventure-lover, a kayakingenthusiast, an office employee, a student, or someone who likes keeping things organized, the bestwaterproof backpack will be the dream.

However, with thousands of brands, models, and types to choose from, how do you choose the perfectmatch for your lifestyle? In this article, I will do my best to tell you just how!

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