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5 Ways to Tell if a Betta Fish Is Sick

Healthy betta fish has unique appearance with bright hues and full streaming fins is a standout amongst the most charming and alluring sights an aquarist can appreciate. They're not troublesome creatures to think about, but because of the popularity it have acquired as a decent fish because of their capacity to flourish in moderate systems, they frequently end up neglected and raised in tanks that are excessively small for them.


Betta fishes are also vulnerable to diseases caused by fungus, bacteria and parasites just like other fishes. To keep a regular check on your betta’s behavior and observing any irregular changes can enable you to recognize, analyze and treat a disease before it ends up deadly.

As usual, water quality is of most extreme significance, and clean water is the absolute most exclusive thing you can give your betta. Consider it like air for you. Without clean air, you, your puppy or feline would be unwell and could experience the ill effects of a wide range of health concerns. The equivalent is valid for fish with their water. Water that is perfect, the correct temperature and the correct pH can have a significant effect for your betta.

Preventing bettas from diseases with clean water, providing them clean and high-quality food is obviously, the best way for keeping your betta healthy and sound, however if you have brought a betta who is already sick, then here are a few practices to keep an eye out for that may show your betta isn't feeling admirably well:

• Torpidity

• Blurred shading

• Declining nourishment

• Toiled relaxing

• Harmed blades.

Common Betta’s Diseases

If your betta fish displays at least one of these unusual behaviors, make sure to give careful consideration and cautiously watch your sick betta fish to rectify the root cause of the disease.

COLUMNARIS

One of the most common diseases that affect betta fishes is Columnaris, also called cotton wool disease. This is a Gram-negative bacterial infection that frequently shows itself as cottony fixes on the body and fins of bettas.

The Columnaris bacterium or Flavobacterium columnare is available in all water, yet except if the fish is infected by imperfect conditions, for example, poor water quality, a lacking eating regimen or shipping mode, it likely won't end up infected.

If you observe Columnaris (Mouth Rot or Saddleback) in your betta fish- keep a check on water and try to do a quick change with clean water and after that follow an anti-microbial and anti-fungal regimen to treat them.

POPEYE IN BETTAS

Popeye also known as exophthalmia is another bacterial infection that causes pressure behind the eyeballs of betta fish and makes fish's eyes protrude. This disease is easier to prevent than to cure. After some time, fishes eyes who suffer from Popeye can turn milky white and can damage also.

In most of the cases, the eyes can fall out or decay. Serious illness, Dirty water, accidents, fighting, inappropriate care can cause Popeye infection in bettas. If both eyes of betta are affected, the cause probably will be internal; but if only one eye is showing prolonged exposure to poor water quality, the reason may be likely injury.

Usually, losing one eye cannot affect a betta fish much. It can prevent by regular water changes and dosing them with an antibiotic regimen including Maracyn.

SWIM BLADDER DISEASE

If your loved betta fish is not swimming appropriately the way it used to, there may be a chance of swim bladder disease. This is a common issue in bettas but not to worry much, it can be easily treated. The swim bladder is like a gas-filled hollow inside your fish. It allows the fish rise and floats lower inside the water just like a buoyancy control tool a diver use in water.

Betta this disease will either float carefully on the surface or they will drown to the bottom of the water. Other symptoms of this disease are an unbalanced body position while swimming, swelling on the stomach and sleepy behavior. Generally, this disease caused by constipation and over-feeding and can easily be cured.

HOLE IN THE HEAD

Hole in the head disease is a common disease in freshwater fishes that specifically affects discus, cichlids and Oscars. Another known name for this disease is Lateral Line Erosion (FHLLE) and Freshwater Head. There are various suspected reasons for this disease and however it can be fatal, if cured early and properly, most betta fishes can survive.

Hole in the Head disease appears like holes in the head above the eyes of the fishes, and usually, this is the result of poor nutrition and water quality. Changing the water regularly, providing antibiotics and a more nutritious diet can prevent this ailment. If maintained and maintained carefully, your betta fish will improve and this disease will not develop in betta again in the future.

ICH DISEASE

Ich disease short form of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis is usually known as white spot disease. It is generally a parasitic infection that appears like sugar has been sprinkled all over betta fish.

This can create an uncomfortable condition for your betta and you can easily identify this disease by observing your fish rubbing its body with objects and try to apart the parasites. This behavior of fish is called flashing. This disease can be treated with malachite green, so make sure to choose a treatment that includes this.

Shifting your betta to a hospital tank is also an ideal approach in this way your betta will stay away from free-swimming parasites and will recover in the best and clean environment.

The best thing you can do to save your betta from hazardous diseases is to provide them with the best water quality. To let your betta healthy and as charming always, you need to regularly change water or use RO water only, feed them nutritious food, keep the temperature above 75 degrees F and make sure that it has a space of at least two gallons. Bettas are most beautiful fishes; take care of them as beautiful because they can become a source of enjoyment for experienced aquarists and novices alike.

Author Bio

Maddy is a Betta fish enthusiast. She draws inspiration for her aquascaping from her travels. She likes water sports, photography, travelling and gaming. She writes for nippyfish.net in her spare time.

The Truth: Difference Between Fishing And Hunting

Fishing vs. hunting; are you confused about which is better? Let’s look at the ins and outs of both.

Why do people go fishing?


Fishing is art, sport or occupation of catching fish. We can also describe it as a recreational activity because many people are now doing it as a hobby. However, the question at the top of every new and experienced fishing enthusiast would have to be, is fishing better than hunting or is hunting better than fishing?

Why do people hunt?


Hunting is usually a sport that involves either the killing or the trapping of animals. Although it is an ancient practice, the details have evolved over the years. Today, it is a secure, convenient and exciting practice that the modern man likes doing. In the past, hunting was a primary economic activity that human beings practiced to get food.

Which is better: Hunting or fishing?

From the descriptions above, one thing is clear: that the result is a dead animal. So, you might be wondering what the debate is all about. The contest on whether fishing is better than hunting has been around for over a decade now.

1/Does the end justify the means?

Some people feel that both hunting and fishing are justifiable as long as you make good use of the animal that you catch. As such trophy hunting would be considered wrong while food hunting would be regarded as right.

Others feel that we should consider the amount of stress that the animal goes through before it dies, as this determines whether the method used is humane or not.

2/The rules

If you have ever considered hunting, then the chances are that you know how alarming and discouraging the regulations can be. You must have a license to hunt. Before obtaining one, you will go through a rigorous gun training exercise. If you are mindful of your safety especially since you carry a gun around, then you might not enjoy hunting.

Although fishing has its rules too, they are only for giving guidance and ensuring that you preserve nature while enjoying the sport. If you pay attention to the rules, you will realize that no fish would be left if these guidelines were not put in place.

Also, there are many public water bodies for you to fish. You can also engage in private water bodies as long as you have the fishing license, which is not hard to obtain compared to the hunting license. In some places, you can even purchase the license online by availing your personal information and identification.

3/The humane aspect

Let’s consider fishing and hunting from the perspective of the one that is more humane. In both cases, you are in pursuit of the animal. You can opt to either kill or spare it. If you decide to kill it, how fast you do so determine how humane the act is.

When fishing, you target the fish. You attempt to catch it. When you finally get the fish into the boat, you may opt to kill or release it. You may smash its head or allow it to asphyxiate. Then you may eat or waste it.

When hunting, you track the animal you want to pursue. Once you have it in sight, you may take a photo close up as proof that your hunting skills are impressive or you can kill it. If you are skilled enough, one shot to the heart will kill the animal instantly. If you shoot anywhere else, the animal will bleed out. Just like for fishing, you can eat or waste it.

4/The prey and the predators

Another perspective is to compare the hunting and fishing techniques. A famous quote by Walter D. Wetherell goes, “The difference between hunting and fishing is that hunters seek their prey while fishermen try to become prey; they do their best to make their lures look attractive and vulnerable so that fish will attack them.”

I found this quote explicit with regards to how fishing techniques are different from hunting techniques. For sure, when fishing, you use bait to attract the fish. As such, you become the prey, and somehow, the fish comes to you at its own free will. As for hunting, you go after the animal, meaning that you are the predator while the animal is prey.

5/The required strength and energy

Hunting requires physical strength and excellent skills. Successful hunting requires rigorous practice. Therefore, training is a necessity for hunting. As for fishing, the needed energy and physical strength should be the least of your worries. Since fishing does not involve any special skills or strength, you can enjoy it even if it is your first time.

6/The available species

Once again, fishing carries the day. In fishing, you are at liberty to catch fish across various species in a single water body. If you are paying for a fishing spot, make sure you find a spot that allows you to catch many species so that you get value for your money. As for hunting, you do not have a variety of species at your disposal due to climatic conditions. The only way for a hunter to have a broad experience is to try out many hunting spots.

7/The resulting relaxation

When fishing, all you do is to sit in the boat with your hook inside the water. After some time, you will feel some weight on the hook and you can pull the fish out of the water. All of this is happening as the cool breeze hits your face and refreshes your soul. What could be more enjoyable than this?

Research suggests that if you are facing anxiety or depression, fishing can help you curb it. Although hunting can help, it does not have similar effects to fishing.

To fish or to hunt?

Considering that there are more anglers than hunters, that is a clear indication as to which is better than the other. Also, when you make these comparisons, fishing seems to stand out. Therefore, fishing is better than hunting but go for the one that resonates with your personality and liking. All the best and enjoy the sport you decide to engage.

Things to Know Before Buying a Fishing Kayak

Do you in love with the idea of enjoying the beauty of nature while fishing for hours on a boat? If you do, then we can guarantee you that it is indeed a lovely experience that everyone should enjoy. Fishing gives us a piece of serenity in spite of all the stress and pressure that life throws at us. Fishing allows us to sail away from the shore and enjoy the freedom of exploring different bodies of water.

But as the saying goes, “Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach him how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime”. Regardless of your chosen location, fishing can keep your stomach full as long as you have the knowledge and skills. This is also one of the main reasons why fishing is a popular hobby and sport. If you love paddling with a kayak, you would definitely enjoy it more if you fish.

Here are some things to know before buying a fishing kayak:

  • Length

Just like any other boat, you should be aware of the fishing kayak’s length before buying one. Take note, the performance of your fishing kayak can be affected by its length too. The longer the kayak, the faster it can be but quite harder to turn. On the other hand, the shorter the kayak the easier it is to maneuver but a little slower. Though the length of short kayaks may vary, it will always be shorter than 11 feet.

At the same time, long kayaks’ length may vary too but it will always be longer than 12 feet. Depending on where you are planning to fish with your kayak, you should always take note of its length. In this case, most long fishing kayaks are used in big lakes, sea, ocean, or rivers. The short fishing kayaks are used in small bodies of water that include small ponds and lakes.

Its length also depends on your height and weight. It is not advisable to get one shorter than 11 feet if you’re a 6 footer that weighs over 130 kilos.


  • Design and Stability

Clearly, not all fishing kayaks are the same especially when it comes to its design. Some kayaks are designed with a wider body while others are slimmer or narrower. Longer kayaks with a narrow design are typically used in sports and races since it runs faster in the water. On the other hand, shorter kayaks with a wider design are best for fishing due to its added stability.

The bigger body frame you have the wider your kayak should be especially if you want to stand up. This way, you don’t have to worry about tipping over any minute every move you make.


  • Storage

Since you will be using a kayak to fish, storage is very important. If you like to bring lots of gear, then you really need bigger storage regardless of your kayak’s size. Make sure that it offers enough storage to carry everything you need on the trip. Some fishing kayaks are designed with molded areas to carry coolers or even milk crates for storage. Other kayaks also have their own integrated storage if you don’t fancy bringing external storage. Depending on the kayak’s sitting arrangement you prefer, the available storage may also vary.

Sit-in kayaks have an open space in its hull where you can store your gear while sit-on-top kayaks include molded internal hatches. Thus, consider the things you need to carry on the boat before buying a fishing kayak. What’s important is that you know how to maximize the available storage in your kayak once you take it for fishing.


  • Gadget Accommodation

Since we’re already in the 20th century, gadget plays an important role in our lives whether we like it or not. As a matter of fact, most people nowadays can’t even complete their way without using at least one. Even though you are out and about to enjoy the calm water, it won’t hurt to bring at least one. Considering that your fishing kayak’s storage is secure and safe from water, you can carry your phone or a digicam.

This way, you can capture the moment while you enjoy it. You can even play soothing music in the background while you fish. Just don’t turn the volume too high if you still want to relish nature’s sound.


  • Rudder

The fishing kayak’s rudder can be dropped into the water and retracted back to its little storage. You can control it by pulling 1 of the 2 rotation cables connected to it. These cables are connected to the kayak’s swivel wheel which helps it to rotate using a single attachment point. Unlike other parts of the kayak, the rudder is usually attached as an external mount located on the stern. However, other fishing kayaks may also have it at on the back of the boat.

Regardless, it comes in handy when controlling the kayak. Using the rudder requires you less edging to keep it following its course even if the wind blows the other way around. Thus, it can be easier for you to turn the kayak right where you want it.


  • Portability

With all the things you want to bring on board, don’t forget that it adds weight to your kayak. Of course, this includes all the external mounts or attachments that you might want to add in your boat. Thus, it can be harder for you to carry it once you needed to drag it before reaching the water. So unless you’re going heading straight to the shore with your wheels, it’s best to consider the kayak’s portability.


Final Words

So there you have it. With the help of this fishing kayak guide, it will be easier for you to find one now. Depending on your needs and your budget, you can decide on what type of kayak you should buy. However, be careful when choosing cheap kayaks since you can’t guarantee its stability.

Set a budget but never sacrifice the kayak’s quality and performance just because you saw something cheaper to save money. Always take note of these things before you buy a fishing kayak.

A Step by Step Guide to Catch Fish with Fish Finder

A best fish finder is a tool without which any angler does not step out for fishing at any cost. No matter you can have a good gut feeling, but once you have gathered the knowledge of using a fish finder, you will never go back to your gut feeling and consider using the fish finder all the time for further fishing activities.

Catching fish will become a whole new adventure, and you will definitely be successful if you consider using fish finders.

Importance Of A Fish Finder

The success of the fish finder depends on the installation process. Firstly, you need to register the fish finder and ensure they have a genuine email contact. Secondly, you must update the fish finder software as advanced technology is dynamic in nature.

The update is necessary to enhance performance and adaptability with the other existing products. Thirdly, you must have a reliable energy source for the sonar unit system. Fourth, never forget about the transducer installation.

It is a critical aspect for all the available fish finders, and it is compatible with imaging and additional side imaging sonar. With various computerized units reading sonar, the down scan and side scan, it has become easy to go device for fishing.

How To Catch Fish With Fish Finder?

Step 1: Depending on the type of mount you have, refer to the fish finder manual and install the right transducer. There are several types of transducer, install the ones which you need to catch the fish.

You can read the installation procedure for the mount from the manual given. After you are done mounting your fish finder, it is now time you switch on the power. As soon as you turn the power on, you will be introduced to some settings. Set it according to your preference and run the machine with the automatic mode.

Step 2: Locate the fish in huge water bodies so that it will help you study the underwater charts of the fishing area before you hit the water. Make sure you take an in-depth tour of the water body so that the fish finder can work to its full potential.

Do not miss the areas like reef or weed bed; these areas comprise the higher amount of large fish. Fishes prefer the formation of structure angle thus you should try locating the structure first before going out for fishing.


Step 3: Once you are on the water body and run through the host of factors, it is necessary to distinguish between the shoals of fish while you are going for offshore structure formation. With the fish finder, you can also come to know about the species of the fish.

Step 4: The fishes roam in vertical stacks, throw maximum lure to the fishes, and you can expect to catch a fish. Fishes stay in groups and therefore if you possess a ledge or a hump you can catch fishes easily using fish finders.

5 Things To Do When You Caught The Fish

Whether you want to spend time with friends and family or catch a good dinner then fishing is a great way to enjoy the outdoor fun and come head-to-head with a vibrant array of fish. With the right gear and a little know-how, you’ll be sharing fishing tales with the old-timers before you know it.

Fishing is the activity of trying to catch the fish.Many of techniques used to catch a fish. Fishing is the adventuring event for everyone because during fishing you enjoy the weather of water and also the view of fishing where you go for fishing.

For Beginners

If you are a beginner then there is something which you want know properly when packing up your gear and heading towards the destination of fishing. If you want to fry and enjoy the successful deep fryer fish then you must know the beneficial basics of fishing given below:

  • Understand the basic procedures

  • Do your research

  • Choose the right equipment

  • Location and Weather

  • Bait

  • Dressing

  • Children’s

  • Food and Bug Spray

Understand The Basic procedures

Before starting the fishing, you want to know the basic procedures of fishing. Once you have some reading the under your belt and then you can start beginning some pre-fishing skills. In which get the familiar tasks like adding hooks, fishing bait, casting your line and tying knots before drifting with the wind in your boat.

Do Your Research

Before you catch the first fish you must know the cast that first line and make sure you have a general idea of what you are getting into yourself. There are many of fishing fascinating books that can all put but you right in the middle of the action before you even make or pick up a pole.

Choose The Right Equipment

In the fishing, beginners will benefit the most from a specific rod and reels that are simpler for someone who is just beginning to cast. Open-faced fishing reels are never recommended for somewhat just starting out.

Location And Weather

In fishing have an idea of where your fish have chosen to spawn and find these locations to lead a great fishing. Also, a better overcast can lead some of the most successful and enjoy fishing trips.While you can still catch fish in other weather forecast or an overcast sky has proven to be the best.

Bait

In successful fishing bait have major role be aware of what fish you are trying to catch and what kind of bait attracts them. For example, in fishing of catfish, catfish respond to either specially made bait for raw chicken liver while bream fish like insects like crickets or even a catfish. The wrong bait could mean a long fishing trip.

Dressing

In dressing for the fishing boot are most important.As you will usually be required to be near water, boots will be beneficial for the times that you will have to unexpectedly wade into it. Moreover, make sure you are wearing layers as the weather can drastically change until the afternoon.If you have longer hair, it is a good idea that you wear it back in a ponytail.

Children’s

During the trip of fishing if you want to pay constant attention to your children then try to not bring them with yourself on your fishing trip. However, in order to bring home your fishing fish, you must have an optimal concentration of children.

Food And Bug Spray

Going for fishing then bring a lunch. Since this will most likely be your first fishing trip because sometimes it can take quite a while before you even get the first bite. During fishing bug spray have more importance if you are near water then you are even closer to bugs like mosquitoes. Remember to carry the bug spray and you should be itch free.

Things To Do After Caught

After you caught the fish then there are many works to do once you caught the alive fish during fishing. There is no reason for why the fish we catch at sea cannot be in prime condition when we start preparing it for the serving table as a meal. Simple facts are that to produce the table fish in better condition to be served in a very simple process. There is some process which gives you better fish after you caught. Given below.

First, before fishing, you have to do fill an insulated chilly bin with lots of ice or with ice but there is the best suggestion to use the Saltwater ice because it is best for fresh fish. In next step when the fish come over the side and kill them straight away, preferably with a sharp implement for killing a fish. A sharpened screwdriver works well into the brain or in a solid whack over the eyes with a club.

In next step after you caught the fish slop some water into an insulated bin and add plenty of ice. Drop the dead fish into this slurry as they come abroad then keep adding ice regularly in the bin. After this in next step at any break in the action, remove the gills and stomach and drop the fish back into a slurry and move on. After that when you reached at home remove the fish from the slurry and packed into an insulated container. Ensuring that each fish is well covered with ice and the stomach and gill cavities are also filled with ice.Making clean sweeping cuts is much easier through fresh that Has the consistency of soft balsa wood.

After the cleaning, cutting and fillet process done. Wash properly fish from two to three waters. After cleaning the water your fish is ready to grill and fry. In deep fryer put some quantity of oil and after sometime out the fish in a deep fryer, an enjoy the healthy fry fish.

Conclusion

In the end, Fishing is good for enjoy our weekend with family and friends in a better way. Fishing gives you a relaxing weekend. Afterfishing, you enjoyed your own fish which you caught with efforts. They give you a better taste and healthy meal on your dining table.

Beside fishing , cycling is a sport you can try to do . If you want find a cheap bike you can visit site MTBs​

How to Choose Fish Tank Filter

Have you been dreaming about having an aquarium in your house? Well, there are a number of things you'll require to pull that off. One of them is a fish tank filter. Unlike in the sea where the water is balanced and it's naturally fit for fish to survive, an aquarium is a man-made habitat.

It requires certain measures to keep the fish alive. The water needs to be cleaned of any material or chemicals that could interfere with the atmosphere favorable for fish. That is where a fish tank filter comes in. It helps clean your water and ensure the water that's in the aquarium is good for the fish at all times. Here are a few tips on what to look for when buying a fish tank filter:( if you want to find the best aquarium filter, read more this article: https://aquaristguide.com/best-canister-filters/ )

Gallons Per Hour

Why should you know the gallons per hour rate before buying a filter? The bigger the fish tank the more the water. Filters work in different GPH rate. You should know whether a filter will handle the capacity of your fish tank before you can buy it.

If the aquarium is really big you need to get a canister filter over a corner filter. You get equipped with the right filter system and your fish will have no trouble surviving. You get the wrong one and you'll have yourself dead fish in your living room.

Size Of fish tank

The more the number of fish you want the more water you'll need and the larger the size of the aquarium. This means a more powerful filter and more energy is required. You need a filter system that can handle all the work without being overworked.

If the aquarium is small then any fish tank filter will work with that because the capacity is less. Your filter system should be able to meet all these needs if the fish will survive.

Space

You might have the space to put the aquarium but not big enough to hang a filter at the back of it or beneath it. In this case, you need a filter that you can put inside the aquarium to save on space.

If space is not a problem, then you're not limited to any type of filter and you can, therefore, choose the one you want based on all the other factors that are there to consider. Sometimes the aquarium is so big that it has occupied all the space you had allocated. It cannot function without a filter so you have to factor it in on the little available space.

Price

Everybody wants a good deal on items you buy. It is not any different when buying a fish tank filter. It is important to scout for prices in different shops and get the best deal.

When you're buying everything together, that is the whole aquarium setup, you're more likely to get a discounted price for the whole bundle. If it's just a single item, it's also good to check for offers on the product. You don't want to spend much more on a filter than you did on the aquarium itself.

Maintenance

The hardest part of any system is its maintenance. A fish tank filter is a system that is supposed to run all around the clock. This means it needs to be well maintained to be able to do the job well all day long. When you're buying one of these, please make sure that it has easy maintenance.

You do not want something that will give you a hard time to clean or keep failing on you when it shouldn't. It should also be one that requires minimal maintenance. You may not have all the time in the world to babysit a machine.

Durability

This goes down to maintenance cost. It is one thing to buy a filter at a good price and it is another to have to replace it every now and then. You want something that will last you long before you can plan on buying another one.

There's no time that fish will pause their life so you can change your filter that keeps failing on you. Chances are that every time you replace it you'll also have to get more fish because some will die. When you're dealing with living things you have to ensure your equipment is reliable. Check that before you buy.

Functionality

The most important thing to look for in any product is how effective it is at doing its job. When choosing a filter, you want one that can do the best job. Get one that uses all the processes together. That is the biological, mechanical and chemical processes.

That means you'll have a single machine doing the job of three different ones. If you got it at a fair price then that will be a win for you. Your aquarium will be free of any substances that can harm the fish and the water will be favorable.

Type Of The filter tank

Some fish tank filters are designed to only fit in certain types of fish tanks. It is therefore very important to know the variety of filters that match with your fish tank. You do not want to purchase one blindly then get home to find that it does not fit into your aquarium.

You could ask the vendor after you explain the type of fish tank you want to use it with. Then he'll guide you on which one is the best with that kind of fish tank. It will save you a lot of disappointment.


Conclusion

Aquariums are beautiful sitting in your living room or your bedroom. However, it is a very delicate set up and for it to remain as beautiful, you need to take care of it. It's not that hard when you have the right equipment.

Make a point of window shopping on a fish tank filter before you can settle on one. It all depends on your needs and the factors we highlighted above. Please make note of each one of them and consider them before you choose that perfect filter for your fish tank.

Reference:

  1. https://waterfilteronly.com

Blind Attack Coloured Fishing Lure Technique

The method in which people fish using fishing lures varies on a number of factors, however what many people do not understand is that the colour of the lure provides an excellent method to completely camouflage the lure so that all fish will attack your lure blindly, without making direct contact via sight.

The right coloured lures, although the colour may seem strange to us, actually helps greatly to increase your catches, provided it is matched correctly to the water. This article explains how to make the correct lure colour choice.

Remember to choose a lure colour the same as the water colour

Many fishers often neglect to notice the water colour or the surroundings before throwing in a lure, many times fishers will use a realistic looking fishing lure as they have some success in all conditions, however this is not the most productive way to fish. When was the last time you looked at the water colour before choosing a lure? Or when was the last time you looked at a lure in the fishing shop and decided that this colour would be perfect for your local lake or river, rather than by how it looks to you.

This is why I have created this article, 100 years ago most people would fish using strange coloured lures, that looked somewhat realistic but had strange patterns or colours which are not found in actual fish, or even in any fish in the water column you are targeting.

The method being taught today is to trick your fish, choose a lure where by the colour is impossible for fish to spot before attacking, hence it will rely on only vibration and sounds in the water to hit your artificial bait, eliminating totally the requirement that the fish must visually see and assess your lure before making that final winning strike for the fisher.

Below I will list the most common colour lures, remember that non-realistic lures are much cheaper than other lures, so by having the correct array of cheap coloured fishing lures, you can not only catch more fish but also save money.

Black Coloured Lures

Black lures are perfect for fishing at night when there isn't much light on the water, if there is a strong reflection of the moon onto the water and the water is fairly clear, this isn't the best time to use black lures.

Brown Coloured Lures

Muddy minimal to no visibility waters are perfect for brown fishing lures, they also work really well at night.

Green Coloured Lures

Green is perfect in conditions where the water appears a green colour, mostly this is often due to surrounding trees, grasses and foliage. If the water has a green reflection on it, then green lures are ideal to use.

Orange and Yellow Coloured Lures

Direct sun onto the water can cast a yellow to orange reflection, this is the best time to use orange or yellow fishing lures.

Blue Coloured Lures

Waters which have a blue colour from them are perfect for blue lures, deeper water normally produces a dark blue water which has high visibility, shallow waters or even regular waters with some reflection of the sky can cast a more lightly coloured blue reflection. Choose a lure of the same colour and shade as the water.

Gold / Silver Lures

Gold and silver are more likely to be assessed visually by the fish, while they work, they rely on the fish deciding that visually this is actually something it is familiar with and will want to eat.

White Lures

Bright days with lots of white clouds is perfect for white fishing lures, as is patchy cloud days with bright sun. Works best is slightly murky waters with some visibility.

Realistic Pattern Lures

Realistic lures will work in all condition but may not be best, as they provide a visual element for the fish to assess before striking, often better results can come from less fancy lures as the camouflage technique is often superior, if you want to fish in all conditions though and aren't too keen on catching as many fish as possible, then

How To Fish With A Spinner – 5 Simple Techniques

Spinners are small, metal fishing lures with blades that spin around a body to attract fish. The spinning motion reflects light and sends out subtle vibrations in the water as would a small fish. This fools your target fish to bite your bait or hook.

For the supplies you’ll need and instructions on how to fish with a spinner, please continue reading below!​

While spinners can be very helpful, they don’t have too much of a benefit when used incorrectly. Several tools or techniques should be applied.

Materials​

For a quicker, easier fishing trip and the proper execution of spinner fishing techniques, you’ll need the following:

Fishing Vest

Rod and Reel

Fishing Line

Leaders

Bait

Simple tools

Spinners

​Techniques on How to Fish With a Spinner

The following are a bunch of useful spinner fishing techniques and how they can be performed:​

1. Bottom Bouncing​

Bottom Bouncing is used for casting from upstream of a river, usually from an inflatable dingy or a boat during trolling or in current fishing in wide freshwater bodies. It is effective for catching brook trout, cutthroat trout, bull trout, and rainbow trout.​ Remember to use fishing spinners for trout.

Steps

● Cast the spinner behind the boat or upstream until it touches the bottom.

● Allow the spinner to bounce on the bottom while moving downstream. The motion will bring up the mud, and the commotion should attract your target.

● Quickly retrieve your line with the current so that the lure works fully.

● Repeat casting and bottom bouncing several times.​

2. Live Lining​

This technique uses traditional live baits and gears. It is often used in naturally flowing freshwater bodies like rivers of streams from an anchored boat. Live lining allows the bait to go under and through cover, rocks, holes, and other places where gamefish could be hiding.

Steps​

● Cast your line and allow the bait to reach the bottom.

● Retrieve so that the baitfish rises but not too far from the bottom. The current and the movement of the baitfish should help you here.

● Keep your bait close to the bottom.

3. Chumming​

This method is often used by seasoned anglers where chum is thrown overboard. Chum is the term used for chopped or ground vegetables, meat, or fish used to attract fish, especially sharks. Chumming is used to have the fish return at least temporarily to spots where they have not been for some time.​

Steps

●Prepare some chum from a tackle shop. Some offer special mixes intended for specific fish species. If you don’t want to spend too much, you can use some bread, bread crumbs, canned corn, or pet food. 

●Throw some chum overboard into the water. Approximate the amount of chum you should use to attract the fish nearer but not get them full.

● Wait for a while before casting in the chummed spot.

● Make a habit of regularly throwing chum on the same spot to make it a good fishing spot.

4. Walking the Dog

Walking the Dog is successful because it does not allow the lure ever to stop moving in the same small area, making it hard to be identified by target fish. It gives the illusion of slow progress and coverage while constantly moving back and forth as well.​

Steps​

● Cast and allow your line and lure to settle a little.

● Hold your rod at a medium height of 1 to 1.5 feet above the water’s surface, slightly angling it down with the tip close to the water.

● Move your rod from left to right using your wrist, making a wider movement than you want your lure to move.

● Maintain a slight slack on the line before and right after each jerking motion by slowly and steadily reeling out. This resists drag, allows the lure to keep moving, and allows it to move naturally.

● Keep your eyes on the lure and slowly allow it to move down until the rod tip almost touches the water. Then, without pausing, snap the rod back to the original position while preserving some slack on your line.

● Deliver a non-stop alternating series of strokes and jerks so that the lure zigzags about six inches from side to side. Remember that the rod tip should move wider to overcome the slack on the line.

● Try to maintain a steady rhythm until you retrieve.

5. Jigging

Jigging is a popular method performed to catch different fish species by modifying or changing the rigs’ shape, play, color, and movement. This is often used for catching saltwater fish from deep waters.

Steps​

● Cast and wait until your jig or lure touches the bottom.

● Use the rod tip to make the lure hop and then lower it back down.

● Avoid bringing the rod too high because this will prevent you from hooking properly when a fish bites.

● Continue reeling down to lower the bait and reeling up to pull it from the bottom until you feel a bite.

To give you a better idea of how spinner fishing works, here’s a very helpful and informative​ video.

Conclusion

There you have it! Those are the materials you need and the techniques on how to fish with a spinner. These can be used for catching a wide variety of fish species like trout, bass, salmon, walleye, bream, perch, pike, and blue kurper.​

You might also like: What Is The Best Way To Kill A Fish?

What Is The Best Way To Kill A Fish?

After catching fish, the next thing to do is to kill it. So what’s the fastest, easiest, most humane, best way to kill a fish? While some people would prefer to let the fish thrasharound to slowly die before icing or cleaning them, this method is actually cruel, inhumane, unethical, and generally inadvisable.

For one recent studies show that fish are actually feeling creatures. So when you do this, they feel unnecessary pain and distress. Also, this reduces its value, freshness, quality and also decreases the storage life of the flesh.

The Unacceptable Methods​

Before we get right into the best method, first, here are the methods deemed unacceptable by the Humane Slaughter Association and Fish Count (a UK organization):​

1. Live chilling in the freezer or ice water - it slowly suffocates the fish.

2. Cutting and bleeding out the gills before stunning - this is extremely painful for the fish.

3. Exposure to air or removal from water- this also violently and painfully suffocates the fish​.

What’s The Best Way to Kill a Fish?​

​Now that we’ve ruled those out, here are the different easy, quick, and humane ways to kill a fish.

Three methods are preferred by most anglers, fishermen, cooks, and food handlers.

  • Percussive stunning followed by bleeding
  • Severing the spinal cord
  • The iki jime method

1. Percussive Stunning​

The Blow

​Percussive stunning, simply put, is a blow to the fish’s head using a blunt object. It is arguably the quickest and easiest method of killing a fish.

How to Stun a Fish?

To do this, just deliver a fast, firm, hard blow or knock on the head of the fish at the top of its skull behind its eyes. You can use a heavy wooden or metal club called a “priest” or a small club made specifically for this purpose.

This delivers a huge, sudden impact on the brain to instantly kill the fish or cause it to become unconscious, thus the term “stunning”.

The blow should have enough mechanical force to reach and be absorbed by the brain and disrupt its neurological activity. However, it should not be too powerful as to crush the skull.

Most smaller fish can be stunned by holding the fish in one hand and using your dominant hand to strike it. If you’re handling larger fish, you can lay them on its belly on a flat, steady surface.


​Confirming Death or Unconsciousness

​After the blow, there are a few tests you can do to determine if your fish actually died or was rendered subconscious. Here’s how:

  • Rotate the fish in your hands while observing the eyes to test the eye roll reflex. If the eye does not move, the fish is either dead or unconscious.
  • Look at the operculum or the structure covering the gills. If these do not rhythmically open and close, the fish is dead.
  • Place the fish in a bucket of water. If it sinks and no movement is seen as an attempt to swim, the stunning is successful.

​Bleeding

​Once the fish is confirmed to be unconscious or dead, you should now let it bleed. Bleeding is done to maintain the freshness and high quality of the flesh.

To do this, turn the fish so that its belly is facing up. Look for the thin flap of skin tissue between the base of its throat and the gills. Hold the fish by the head using one hand, pointing the throat away from you and with your finger hooked around the flap.

Next, pull the flap to cut or disrupt it. Two large blood vessels located in the throat should open and gush out blood. Let the fish bleed out for a while before removing its guts, cleaning it, and icing it.

Percussive stunning is commonly used when dealing with strong, large, and potentially dangerous fish like halibut, mackerel, tuna, sharks, and such. Usually, several blows may be required. It can also be used for salmon and trout.

However, it may not be effective for fish species with hard skulls or those that are significantly different regarding anatomy. For these fish, you may need to adjust the position so that you can strike nearest to the brain or use a different method.

To know more about this method, please check out this video:​

​2. Severing the spinal cord

Cutting or destroying the spinal cord of the fish also renders it dead immediately and so it can also be the best way to kill a fish.

To do this, you should first identify the part of the fish called the throat latch. It is located between and under its gills.

Then, holding it with both hands, bend the fish’s head back sharply using a swift movement. This breaks the spine and severs the spinal cord.Not only does this method kill the fish instantly but also lets it bleed out thoroughly without doing another extra step.

While this method can be very effective especially when handling smaller species, it requires some skill and guts to do it. Sometimes, it can also be messy and nerve-wracking to perform.​

3. Iki jime​

Iki jime is a Japanese technique also known as spiking or pithing. It involves piercing and destroying the fish’s brain using a sharp metal object such as a screwdriver or knife. There are also specialized iki jime tools that you can buy from some tackle shops.

Iki jime is a precise process and requires some skill. But, if mastered, it can be the a good method to kill a fish because it causes the least amount of stress to the fish and improves its value as food.

The first thing you need to do is to find a soft area of the skull close to the brain (Refer to the figure below for salmon and trout). Remember that this may vary among different species.

Then, using your chosen spiking tool, quickly and firmly pierce the area. Next, wiggle the tool around. When done properly, this should destroy the brain, and the body of the fish should limp instantly. This indicates that it is dead or unconscious.​

After pithing, you can now clean and ice your fish. Afterwards, it is ready to be skinned, filleted, or cut.

Conclusion​

Depending on the fish species, your skills, and personal preference, these three different methods may be considered as the best way to kill a fish. However, in real life, a combination of two or all of these is used for optimum results.

Percussive stunning is quick and efficient but requires extreme strength. Severing the spinal cord and iki jime, on the other hand, requires special skills and guts to perform such as find fish brain location for instance. Future, they may have to be performed differently or may not work at all for every fish species.​

You might also like :How Big Do Minnows Get? Facts You Didn’t Know

How Big Do Minnows Get? Facts You Didn’t Know

How big do minnows get? Do they grow bigger as time goes by? Are there any contributing factors to how big these fish can get? If there are, what are some of these factors? And how do they contribute to the growth of minnows?

Do any of these questions sound familiar? If they do…you are NOT alone. And this is because minnows are only known to be a super tiny fish family often used as bait for catching bigger fish.

When you read some articles that talk about minnows, you’ll find that there is very little information about this particular subject. There aren’t many resources explaining exactly how big minnows can get. So with this in mind, let’s take a quick look at some basics about minnows, what it is about their size and how “big” you can expect them to grow.

General Concern

The word “minnows” is frequently misunderstood. Some people think that all small fish are minnows, but in actual sense, it is a scientific reference. Minnows are way above 2100 species all over the world, and it is expected that most of them, if not all to grow to about 3- 4 inches long, although there are exceptions, given a large number of species available.

With a large number of species belonging to the same group, it is inevitable for interbreeding among them to take place. It thus means that you cannot accurately determine the length or size of a particular minnow without considering such vital elements.

Therefore, determining a particular size or length for minnows cannot be pegged on specific factors given that the breeds vary significantly and also the natural elements also affect the concrete answer to the question.

Characteristics Of Minnows

But one of the compelling aspects that you also need to understand is the fact that there are different types of minnows. Some of these minnows share a considerable number of features given that they belong to the same family but also have other different characteristics. It thus implies that the size when they are fully grown also vary, albeit insignificant to tell.

The most common one is the fathead minnow, which is arguably used in a wide range of applications including, laboratory tests, fish feeders, water toxicity tests and fish baits among others. It is also the type of breed that many anglers across the world prefer using in their day to day fishing activities.

Nonetheless, it is vital to make sure that you carefully identify this species when perhaps purchasing them for breeding purpose. It is because most of them look like small cyprinid and thus can be relatively difficult to identify accurately.

If you’re keen enough, you should realize that minnows have an incomplete lateral line. Another outstanding feature is the terminal mouth. Although, some minnows will have underslung mouth even when fully grown.

Minnows do not have teeth in the mouth but have what is referred to as pharyngeal teeth, which enables them to grind the food at the throat.

Minnows also have a dark spot on the front area around the dorsal fin as well as a stubby first ray on the dorsal fin. Again, these two features are shared by some of the members of the same Pimephales genus.

How Big Do They Get?

If you’re a budding lake or fish pond manager or angler, then this is an essential concept that you need to understand. One thing that you have to note is that the minnows, especially fathead, feed on almost everything that is available for them.

They’re heavy eaters; it does not matter what type of food whether it’s wild algae, insects or plankton. When confined, they can also eat anything including shrimp, flakes, tubifex, and bloodworms among others. In general, some of them are omnivores whereas others are carnivores, so it also depends on the particular species.

Determining how big the minnows can get varies from one species to another given that we have over 2100 species. For instance, how frequently they eat determines how fast they grow.

Some of them such as the fathead, which is commonly used, however, grow to about three inches long or slightly above three inches. There are some such as the creek chubs that grow up to 10-12 inches. Gold shiners grow up to between 6-7 inches whereas shiners grow up to about 5-6 inches long.

The actual optimum size of these organisms entirely depends on the particular type of species and other environmental factors surrounding their breeding. But you also need to know that you can’t expect them to grow to 5 pounds of fish however much and long you breed them.

Minnows are just minnows, and that is the reason they are used mainly as baits. The lifespan of minnows mostly ranges between 12 to 24 months. During this time, they reproduce a minimum of between three to six times before the end of their life cycle but depending on how frequently and sufficiently they feed as well as how conducive the environment is.

Some minnows turn into a predator where they end up eating their young ones, which may prevent them from growing big as expected. This is however exceptional on fathead minnows which only grow to their optimum level without predating on themselves for whatever reasons.

As much as minnows tend to be relatively small in size, it is also ideal to understand the nature of how they reproduce. Often, they spawning during spring or early summer. However, this also varies depending on the specific species. But the variation in temperatures also plays a pivotal role in determining how large they get and how fast the growth takes place.

Conclusion

Some species have an elaborate method of spawning. For instance, in some species, it is the male who constructs sort of a make-up nest, where the female deposits the eggs and the male ultimately fertilizes them, guard the eggs for a particular period until they hatch.

The most important thing when looking at how big minnows can get is by simply understanding that they are different from small fish. Their growth activities are different and thus the reason that leads to a difference in the sizes after they are fully matured.

Sources:

http://academics.smcvt.edu/dfacey/aquaticbiology/Fishes%20Pages/Minnows.html

https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100314213155AABKYwW

http://www.dunnsfishfarm.com/fathead_minnows_251_prd1.htm

http://www.oscarfish.com/article-home/98-keeping-breeding-fa

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