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Category Archives for "OTHER FISH"

What Does Shad Eat? (What You Need To Know To Find The Perfect Bait)

If you’re into fishing, you should know that different types of fish prefer different food choices. This is important knowledge when it comes to choosing baits or taking care of fish as well. In this article, you will be guided by the diet choices of shads, to answer "what does shad eat?".

What Is A Shad?

Shads, or scientifically called Alosinae, is a subfamily of fishes under the herring family. They are pelagicschooling fish, which means they spend most of their lifetime, swimming in open water in large groups.

Many species of shad are anadromous, meaning, they migrate into freshwater to spawn and reproduce. Some are even landlocked or have adapted into staying permanently in freshwater and never migrate back to the sea.

Many species of shads are of commercial importance both as sports fish and baitfish. Male shads, also known as freshwater tarpons, are particularly great game fish known to show jumps. There are different types of shad, including the following:​

  • American Shad
  • Gizzard Shad
  • Hickory Shad
  • Blueback Herring
  • Alewife
  • Threadfin Shad
  • Menhaden, Bunker, or Mossbunker

Shads are included in the mainstay diets of sportfish like catfish. They are also among the most popularand widely distributed baitfish used in Florida and California.

What Does Shad Eat?​

Like most other fish, their feeding behaviors and instincts vary depending on factors such as water temperature and turbidity. They often resume eating normally after winter or in spring as the water temperature goes up.

Most larval shads survive by consuming yolk material during the first few days of their lives and begin to feed about 4 to 5 days after hatching. Their diet for the first weeks is mainly entomostracans (smallcrustaceans), protozoans (single-celled organisms), and rotifers (microscopic animals).​

After they leave their birthplace or hatching place, shads become juveniles and start to eat more. Asjuveniles, shads are omnivorous heterotrophs. This means that they consume both animals and plantsand other things found floating in the water like insect larvae, phytoplankton (microscopic plants), andzooplankton (microscopic animals). In lakes, juvenile shads that are one to two inches long eatzooplankton almost exclusively.​

As shads get older and bigger, their food choices also grow. They start to eat plankton, small fish, worms, crustaceans, and sometimes even fish eggs. Adult shads are largely considered as carnivores or meat-eaters. They are mainly piscivores, meaning a huge chunk of their diet is composed of other smaller fish species.

They also eat detritus, algae, insect larvae, exuviae or the sloughed off skin orexoskeleton of insects and their larvae, and non-insect arthropods like small crabs, spiders, mites, centipedes, millipedes, and others.​

Gizzard shad have also been reported to eat fingernail clams in parts of the Mississippi River anddiatoms (a type of microalgae that classify under phytoplankton), Spirogyra (a type of green algae), oligochaetes (which include earthworms), and tendipedids (insects that include flies) in a stream inKentucky.​

​What Are The Best Baits Or Lures To Catch Shad?

Grubs, small minnows, worms, and other live baits can be used to catch shad. However, fishermen find that cheaper artificial lures are more effective. These are used to trigger a reaction strike and can be as simple as two beads threaded through the line and a blank hook.​

The most common artificial lure used as shad bait is a shad dart. Shad darts are small jigs with lightweight lead heads and a tinsel, marabou, or feather tail. Other jigs used to catch bluegill and crappieare also effective for shad fishing. Other options are weighted flies, fly fishing tackles, small flutterspoons, and spinners.

Fishing Techniques For Catching Shad​

When they migrate, shads swim at the lower parts of the water column which is why they are often found in channels or the deepest parts of lakes and rivers. Because of this, anglers and spin fishermen use weighted lined or flies to place the bait or artificial lure at the right location and depth.

There is also a thing fishermen call a shad rig, which is Y-shaped and consists of two lures about a feet or two apart with a weight on a line in front or in between them. The lures can either be a shad dart and a spoon spinner or two shad darts. A live grub can also be threaded on the dart.

You can also easily catch shad through drift casting or slow trolling. For example, you can cast upriver and then allow your lure to drift along with the current.​

Shad are easily found during spring when they tend to school together with several other species. However, be mindful about fishing seasons in your location and make sure to release shad species that are out of season.


Shads eat a lot of different things throughout their lifetime. Their food choices and behavior also vary depending on the season, water temperature, ages, species, location, and size. However, you can use small fish, worms, and grubs as bait when fishing for shad. Now you know "what does shad eat?".​

You might also like : Everything You Need To Know About How To Get One Day Fishing License Info

Tips On How To Keep Crawfish Alive Overnight (And More You Need To Know!)

Crawfish are edible, freshwater crustaceans that look a lot like smaller lobsters. They are valued for their sweet, delicious flesh and can be found all over the world but are most famous as the official state crustacean of Louisiana.

Crawfish are also one of the best live fishing baits from late spring to the end of summer. Many anglers find it convenient to keep some on hand for sudden unplanned fishing trips to your background lake or any local waters.

You can like : Picking the Best Fishing Line For Trout (Everything you need to know)

What makes them a favorite live bait is that they are easy to acquire, widely available, easy to store, and quite mobile when alive which effectively attracts fish targets.Therefore, crawfish work best as baits when they are alive and fresh.

Luckily for you, keeping them alive is easy and requires minimal effort, as long as you know the right method and tools. Read on for instructions and tips on how to keep crawfish alive overnight!

What you will need for keeping crawfish alive overnightTo start off, there are several things that you should grab and prepare to store and take care of crawfish.

These include:

A Container

Crawfish are very easy to store. You do not even need a large fish tank or a filtration system. Actually, you can just use a large rectangular plastic container that comes with a lid or a cooler.Just make sure to leave a gap between the lid or drill holes in it for ventilation and to allow the critters to breathe.

You can use a drill with a 1.4 inch bit for the lid.You can also use a flow-through bait bucket which is easier to handle. Remove the interior bucket from the exterior bucket to allow the air to flow through.

Skinny Water

You also need some water enough to fill your container at least about three-quarters of the way. This will keep the crawfish cool, but not entirely submerged. You can use a self-draining container or drill a small hole near the bottom for drainage.

This way, you don’t have to worry and check on the container too frequently. The excess water from the melted ice will automatically drain out.

Food For The Crawfish

Crawfishes are not picky eaters and will devour just about anything. You won’t even need to buy an expensive special feed. The usual food that experienced fishers feed them is lettuce.Lettuce is ideal because they do not contaminate the water in the way that hotdogs or other raw meat trimmings do.

You don’t need much either. Just leave a few large leaves inside the container.For longer periods of storage, replenish this supply once every week. The day after, you can then clean your container and replace the water.

Wet Newspaper Or Grass

Crawfish can stay alive for longer periods of time if you store them in a container lined and/or wrapped in wet newspapers or some grass. You can also alternate layers of crawfish with layers of wet newspaper.

Especially when kept in a cooler with some ice, crawfish should hold up throughout the day or night this way.

Sea Salt

Crawfish are also known as mudbugs because they are most commonly found underneath the mud of freshwater bayous. Because of this, their digestive tracts are filled with mud, grass, and other impurities.

Therefore, most fishermen who intend to use them as bait or eat them boiled prefer to clean or purge them with sea salt and water. This makes them more palatable and appealing. Find out more about purging crawfish in the next section.

Step By Step Instructions On How To Keep Crawfish Alive Overnight

Here are the steps on how to keep crawfish alive overnight. This process of taking care and storing live crawfish can keep them alive through the night or up to a few days or even weeks.

Step 1. Ensuring That You Have The Right Container.

Choose a tray, cooler, bucket, or plastic container to store your crawfish inside at home or in your garage. Pick one that is the right size to fit all your crawfish but also large enough to leave some space on top.

Make sure that the container you have is large enough to provide some room for thoroughly cleaning your crawfish. It should also be slippery or tall enough to prevent any of the crawfish from somehow crawling out.

Crawfish will also stay alive fairly long even when kept in the sack where they come in, as long as they have free access to air and are not completely submerged in water.

Step 2. Lining The Tray Or Container

Line the tray or container using wet or moist paper towels, newspapers, pieces of fabric or cloth. Also, put some gel packs or ice at the bottom. This will help maintain the low temperature longer and keep your crawfish alive for at least a few days.

You can also wrap the crawfish individually with second layers of moist paper towels or fabric before storing them with ice or inside the refrigerator. This will keep them hydrated and alive for up to five days.

Or, you can also keep the crawfish in their original sack covered with moist or wet cloth. If you are using a tub or large container, you can make a platform such as a wire rack over the gel packs or ice to separate the crawfish from them and keep them moist without drowning them.

Step 3. Preparing And Cleaning The Crawfish For Purging

If you want to store crawfish alive, you have to make sure to clean them first. Start by briefly running down some water on them through a hose to remove any dirt or debris from the outside.

Then, you can proceed to store them in a container with some ice.You can keep crawfish alive for a few days when kept at temperatures 36ºF to 46ºF. Just make sure to drain them as necessary to avoid submerging them in water.

Then, remove the ice and allow the crawfish to go back to room temperature, after which you can begin purging them.Be sure to remove the ice and let the crawfish return to room temperature before purging.

Step 4. Purging Your Crawfish

You can purge your crawfish in two ways: with and without salt.

  • Purging with salt

The intention of salting is not to season, but to clean the crawfish by forcing them to vomit out mud and wastes from their digestive tracts. However, because the crawfish will go wild and squirmy with salt, this step is optional.

Salt also increases the risk of killing them.To purge with salt, pour a liberal amount of regular table salt or sea salt in your crawfish inside a large tub or container. Then, using a large spatula or any instrument, stir the crawfish around to distribute the salt evenly.

Next, pour water over the crawfish until they are submerged. This removes grime and minimizes the fishy odor and taste of the crawfish. Stir around gently for around 3 minutes to wash off mud from the gills and shells.

Try to pour out the saltwater completely while keeping the crawfish in the tub. Refill the tub with fresh, clean water and stir again. Remove this water and rinse one more time.

You will notice the water to be less grimy. You can stop purging once you are satisfied with how clean the water is.

  • Purging Without Salt

If you choose not to use salt, simply fill the tub with water, submerging the crawfish for about ten to fifteen minutes. This helps loosen the grime and dirt.Pour out the dirty water and refill again with fresh water.

Wait for another five to fifteen minutes before draining and refilling again. Do this several times until you deem the water to be reasonably clean. Drain again before storing your crawfish.

Here’s a short video on how to do it:

Step 5. Keeping The Container Clean

During purging, you may notice some dead crawfish that will float on the water. There could also be molted off shells. Remove both of these as soon as possible because both can pollute the water fast.

This can affect and kill the other alive crawfish, leaving you with no bait. Also, do not feed your crawfish with raw meat like hamburger meat or hotdogs, which can have the same effect.

Remove uneaten food and replace the water or ice at least once a day to prevent contamination.To remove water, you can simply turn over the bucket or container and allow the water to drain through a gap or the holes drilled in the lid.

Step 6. Store It.

Finally, keep the crawfish cool and moist. Protect them from too much sunlight or the wind. Keep your container in a dark and cool place like the garage or basement.

Change or replace the gel packs or ice regularly and spray or sprinkle some water every few hours or so.You can also check out this video on Youtube about catching, purging, and how to keep crawfish alive overnight or until you are ready to use them


​That’s it! Easy, right? These simple steps, tips, and tricks on how to keep crawfish alive overnight or longer allow you to save money, time, and effort in the long run.

This is also very convenient for people who like to catch fish like bass with crawfish but are tired of going to a bait shop before every fishing trip.If you live far from a bait shop and happen to buy crawfish too early beforehand, this simple method will avoid wasting good bait or food.

If you catch crawfish by yourself, this is also a good way to preserve large batches of crawfish catch for both baiting and consumption while also keeping them fresh, alive, and of the maximum possible quality.







The Quick And Simple Guide On How To Catch Shad

Many may think that fishing is an easy task from the looks of it. However, the knowledge and skills it takes to achieve a successful fishing trip may vary depending on which type of fish you’re aiming to catch. Also, there are different ways of fishing that you can learn and master. Catching shads, for example, is tricky. You must combine your core skills and learned techniques if you’re aiming for a great fishing expedition. If you want to acquire these tips and tricks on how to catch shad, stick around as we will give you more details about them.

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How To Catch Grass Carp: Important Steps You Should Know

Knowing how to catch grass carp requires you to also know the necessary equipment for catching this type of fish. The Grass Carp is a type of fish commonly used to control the vegetation population in ponds and lakes.

In places like Missouri, the Grass Carp is practically stocked in these lakes and ponds with the aforementioned need being the main intent for the stocking. The Grass Carp is an Asian minnow that can grow up to the length of four feet and weigh up to about 100 pounds. There comes a time when you really need to catch the grass carps.

If you didn’t know, catching a grass carp can prove to be a tall order when you fish using a line and pole. This is because this fish breed is very cautious and reclusive, with its feeding preference being in places and times when it is not disturbed or observed.

Such complications makes it mandatory for you to know how to catch grass carp as guess work won’t work for you.

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What Is the Best Bait For Catfish And Everything Associated

Are you a catfish lover? Facing issues to pick the best bait for them? Anglers are in love with the different kinds of fishes and they tend to become very specific while fishing. Many anglers have their favorite list topped by catfishes and they can go that extra mile to catch them.

This article will let you know what is the best bait for catfish and will help you in your angling sessions.

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How To Catch Redfish With Ease?

Love redfishes but facing difficulties to catch them? Like most of the creatures on earth, redfish also have specific habits. These habits can prove to be extremely beneficial for the anglers to catch them. The more you know about the species the maximum are the chances for you to trap them.

If you know about the habits of these fishes and the kind of environment they dwell in you can highly enhance your chances to catch them. This article will help you learn how to catch redfish with minimum efforts.

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What Everyone Wants To Know About The Edibility Of Ladyfish

Ladyfish put up quite a fight once they get hooked. Once you manage to win the fight and get it to the boat, it makes the whole place bloody. Believe you me I always wondered if it was worth the trouble till I had a ladyfish delicacy which made me realise that once prepared well, ladyfish’s sweet taste would pay off for all the trouble the angler has to go through. For those anglers who probably couldn’t stand the thought of eating ladyfish, probably because they have many small bones, are oily and have a mushy texture, I will give you a reason to change your mind on that.

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Truth About Walleye And Their Taste

I decided to rank fish according to their flavour. The walleye surely did appear among the top five. Actually, I would regard it to be the freshwater fish with the best taste. What makes it tasty is that you can use various recipes and preparation techniques to achieve varying tastes from the walleye.

The Walleye is quite a delicious fish which survives only in freshwater. Fishing for walleye can be both for commercial purposes and also for recreation purposes. The fish species are easy to clean and are meaty enough especially, in the fillets. The walleye meat consists of thirteen grams of protein, approximately seventy-six milligrams of sodium and cholesterol levels of fifty-five milligrams, some quantities of fibre and vitamin A. Considering such a composition; it is surely a good meal to feed on. For those who would want to avoid carbohydrates and sugars, the walleye is ideal since it has none of those.

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Closely Guarded Secrets To Catching A Ladyfish

Catching a fish that will put up a good fight has always been a thrilling experience for me. I always look forward to catching a ladyfish because managing to have some in my boat at the end of my fishing spree makes me quite happy. Something else that makes a ladyfish a suitable target is that you can use almost any bait to catch it and this reduces the hustle of using particular baits.

Now that it is an appealing fish to prey on believe you me you will need very important tips which will assist you when you go fishing for ladyfish if you have to put up with how it reacts when agitated.

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The Best Way To Raise Minnows

Minnows are excellent baits to be used by anglers. Some of the factors that make them suitable are that big fish do eat small fish, and also because they make movements which attract the fish towards them since fish love live baits. Minnows can also be hooked to catch almost all types of fish. Acquiring minnows may be expensive to some anglers. Also, having them available right at the time when you need them could be a challenge since the stores may be closed. To eliminate all these negative possibilities, you may consider raising your own minnows.

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