Carp Spawning Facts: What You Need to Know About Carps

Carp Spawning Facts: What You Need to Know About Carps

Carps are prolific when it comes to breeding. And for anglers, the success of their carp fishing wouldn’t just entirely rely on their tools and fishing techniques but as well as their knowledge about the fish itself. Among one of the things that you need to know about carps: when do carp spawn? Carps are known to be dynamic and innovative fishes that can exist for years and can also thrive in any environment. And if you happen to be into carp fishing, it is essential that you know when do they spawn as this will help you get the most out of your fishing experience since you can predict when they spawn.


When you search information about carp spawn, you often read different views. Some say that it occurs from March to June while there are others who say it is from May to July while the rest would say it is in the third quarter of the year. Carps do not breed at the same time, but there are pieces of information that you can use to know when carp spawn.

Wild common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Wild common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Timing Of Carp Reproduction

The period as to how long it will take for the carp eggs to develop would depend on different factors including food availability, water temperature, daylight and amount of oxygen. The eggs would ripen when the pituitary gland while will then release the gonadotropin hormones. The reason why carp become more productive in temperate zones and this happens in 2 years and in the spring season. The carps who are sexually mature varies when it comes to features. For females, their ovaries are big whereas the males have smaller testes that allow them to have that sleek shape. When the male carps are ready for the spawning process, the male carps develop pectoral fins and breeding nodules.

Water Temperature

There is an optimal water temperature which is the perfect time for spawning. The optimal temperature ranges between 64.4 °F to 73.4 °F (18 °C to 23 °C). Even then, there is no specific range of optimal temperature since there are cases where spawning will occur between 59 °F to 77 °F (15 °C to 25 °C). When it reaches beyond the 77 °F (25 °C) point, the spawning gradually decreases and at 82.4 °F (28 °C), it stops.

Aside from temperature, another important fact that you should know about carp spawning is that they rarely go out without enough daylight. In fact, carp will wait for the level for water to rise given that there is optimal water temperature as well daylight, the carp will then start laying their eggs on vegetation and they can only do that where is enough water. Various research shows that even with just a slight increase in water level provided that there is daylight condition and optimal temperature, spawning occurs.

Carp Over The Water

Carp Over The Water

How Do You Do This To Your Advantage?

Make sure that you wait until such a time that the temperature reaches 64.4 °F (18 °C). Then, you can begin fishing around the weed beds. After a rain storm, the water level increases and vegetation occurs to which the carp would lay the eggs on.

Food Spawning Carp Eat

A spawning carp wouldn’t be eating unlike post spawn carp. Once the spawning takes place, you get to see bot the pre-spawn carp and the post spawn carp. And for anglers, the best choice is to go for a post-spawn carp. Another very interesting fact about carp is that some would even eat their own larvae and eggs.

How Do They Spawn

Female and male carp would spawn by swimming together. The male carp would grow tubercles and gill plates as they start chasing female carp. When the day of the releasing of eggs gets neared, the male carps become more aggressive. They become really restless. On the average, there are about 4 male carp that would fertilize the eggs of a female carp. The spawning doesn’t happen just yet as it will still occur in the upcoming days. What happens next is that the female carp would release her eggs straight into the water. The eggs produced would vary on different factors including size, health and age. Carp spawning is very interesting considering that the carp sperm is known to have high motility that can last about 30 to 60 secs. The sperm would enter the micropyle which will then fertilize the egg. Once the micropyle loses, the egg will start absorbing water. Watch this video to see how they spawn.

Knowing when carp spawn is very advantageous in the sense that you can have the opportunity to increase your fishing success. You also need the well prepared to begin fish the carp. But as with other things, it is not as easy as that. Although you already have the necessary information that you need, you need to do it in actual to see how it will work to your advantage considering that there are varying pieces of information about carp spawning.

Louella Trump

Hi there, I’m Louella Trump, an adventurous young lady who loves exploring our beautiful nature by traveling and fishing. I write so as to share my passion and experiences with fellow readers who enjoy fishing and traveling as one of their recreational activities. My primary objective in sharing my experiences while traveling and fishing is to basically inspire any like-minded person out there to stop at nothing and leave no stone unturned in ensuring that they explore their passion as much as they can.

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